Handboek:Hoofdpagina

From Gentoo Wiki
Jump to: navigation, search
This page is a translated version of the page Handbook:Main Page and the translation is 43% complete.

Outdated translations are marked like this.
Other languages:
Bahasa Indonesia • ‎Deutsch • ‎English • ‎Nederlands • ‎Türkçe • ‎català • ‎español • ‎français • ‎hrvatski • ‎italiano • ‎norsk bokmål • ‎polski • ‎português do Brasil • ‎čeština • ‎Ελληνικά • ‎русский • ‎српски (ћирилица)‎ • ‎українська • ‎فارسی • ‎中文(中国大陆)‎ • ‎日本語 • ‎한국어

Doel van het handboek

Introductie

Het Gentoo handboek heeft als doel de documentatie de centraliseren in een coherent handboek. Dit handboek bevat de installatie instructies voor internet-installatie en de belangrijkste gedeeltes over het werken met Gentoo en Portage

Architecturen

Gentoo Linux is beschikbaar voor meerdere architecturen. Maar wat is een architectuur juist?

Een "architectuur" is een familie van CPUs (processoren) die dezelfde instructieset ondersteunen. De 2 meest prominente architecturen in de desktop en laptop wereld zijn de x86 architectuur en de x86_64 architectuur (waar naar wordt verwezen met de amd64 notatie). Maar er bestaan nog talrijke andere architecturen, zoals arm, spark, ppc (PowerPc familie), mips, etc. ...

A distribution as versatile as Gentoo supports many architectures. For that reason, you'll find that our Gentoo Handbooks are offered for many of the supported architectures. However, that might lead to some confusion as not all users are aware of the differences. Some are only aware of the CPU type or name that their system is a part of (like i686 or Intel Core i7). Below you will find a quick summary of the supported architectures and the abbreviation used in Gentoo. However, most people that do not know the architecture of their system are mostly interested in x86 or amd64.

Het handboek bekijken

The list below gives a high-level overview of the architectures supported by various Gentoo Linux projects. It is important to choose the correct architecture before proceeding with the associated Installation section of a Handbook. Be sure to verify the CPU's architecture before moving onward.

A note for new Gentoo users: if the CPU is less than five years old and the manufacturer is either Intel or AMD, choosing the AMD64 Handbook is probably the correct route.

Note
The arm and arm64 architectures are supported by the Gentoo project but do not yet have Handbooks at their disposal. Please refer to the ARM project and bug #534376 for more information.
One page per chapter (many shorter pages) One page per part (longer pages)
Handbook for architecture Description of architecture Installing Gentoo Linux Working with Gentoo Working with Portage Network configuration
Alpha The Alpha architecture is a 64-bit architecture developed by Digital Equipment Corporation (DEC). It is still in use by some mid-range and high-end servers, but the architecture is slowly being faded out.
(ES40, AlphaPC, UP1000, Noname)
Installation Working Portage Networking
AMD64 A 64-bit architecture that is compatible with the x86 architecture (and thus also known as x86_64). It was first used by AMD (under the AMD64 name) and Intel (under the EM64T name) and is now the most prominent architecture for medium and high-end desktop PCs. It is also commonly found in the server segment.
(AMD Athlon 64, AMD Opteron, AMD Sempron processors, AMD Phenom, Intel Pentium 4, Intel Core2, Intel Core i3, i5, i7)
Installation Working Portage Networking
ARM This 32-bit architecture is a very popular architecture for embedded and small systems. Sub-architectures range from ARMv1 to ARMv7 (Cortex) and are often found in smart phones, tablets, hand-held consoles, end-user GPS navigation systems, etc.

(StrongARM, Cortex-M)

ARM64 This 64-bit architecture is a new arm variant for embedded and server systems. The only sub-architecture is ARMv8 and includes the Cortex-A53, and Cortex-A57 processors which are starting to appear in a variety of SoCs in developer boards, Smart phones, tablets etc.

(Cortex-A53, Cortex-A57)

HPPA Referred to as HPPA, the PA-RISC architecture is an instruction set developed by Hewlett-Packard and was used in their mid- and high-end server series until about 2008 (after which HP started using Intel Itanium).
(HP 9000, PA-8600)
Installation Working Portage Networking
IA64 A 64-bit architecture designed by Intel and used in their Intel Itanium processor series. This architecture is not compatible with x86 or x86_64 (aka amd64) and is mostly found in medium and high-end server series.
(Intel Itanium)
Installation Working Portage Networking
MIPS Developed by MIPS Technologies, the MIPS architecture entails multiple subfamilies (called revisions) such as MIPS I, MIPS III, MIPS32, MIPS64 and more. MIPS is most common in embedded systems.
(MIPS32 1074K, R16000)
Installation Working Portage Networking
PPC A 32-bit architecture used by many Apple, IBM and Motorola processors. They are most commonly found in embedded systems.
(Apple OldWorld, Apple NewWorld, generi Pegasos, Efika, older IBM iSeries and pSeries)
Installation Working Portage Networking
PPC64 The 64-bit variant of the PPC architecture, popular in both embedded as well as high-end performance servers.
(IBM RS/6000s, IBM pSeries, IBM iSeries)
Installation Working Portage Networking
SPARC The SPARC architecture is best known by its most common producers, Sun (now Oracle) and Fujitsu. It is used in server systems although a few workstations exist as well. In Gentoo, only SPARC64 compatible CPUs are supported.
(E3000, Blade 1000, Ultra 2)
Installation Working Portage Networking
X86 A 32-bit architecture used by CPUs that are often said to be "Intel compatible". It was, until recently, the most popular architecture for desktop PCs. Gentoo offers builds for i486 (supports all families) and i686 (supports Pentium and higher or compatible).
(i486, i686, Intel Core, AMD Athlon, Intel Atom)
Installation Working Portage Networking

Veelgestelde vragen

Kan het handboek niet automatisch gegenereerd worden voor elke keuze?

The handbook maintainers have opted to write on a per-architecture level using Gentoo's default init system (OpenRC) and basic partitioning schemes. The point of the Handbook is to get a bare-bones Gentoo system up and running, not to cover all possible installation paths (irregular partitioning, init systems, kernel configuration, system management utilities, etc.).

Concepts such as advanced partitioning, non-generic kernel configuration, and alternate init systems are explained other areas around the wiki in publicly modifiable namespace (hint: anyone with wiki account can edit them!).

We ask our readers to search wiki and discover what is already available before requesting a new section or addition to be added to the Handbook. If you believe a new generic section is necessary to add to the Handbook, then propose a request by following the instructions below.

Note
Active handbook editors are down to only two or three members, so please provide some patience as we respond to new {{Talk}} entries. See below for instruction on how to suggest a new improvement to the handbook.

Ik vind nergens informatie voor de stage1 installatie. Waar kan ik deze terugvinden?

Instructions on using a stage1 or stage2 tarball are now available in the Gentoo FAQ. A stage3 installation is the only supported method of installation.

Hoe kan ik het handboek aanpassen?

Suggestions, comments, or ideas on how to make the Handbook better can be reported to the Handbook project via the Discussion page of the respective article. Documentation is made for the community, so community feedback is well appreciated.

Be aware that most decisions made while developing documentation are based on a consensus-model. It is impossible to write or structure documentation in such a way that renders every reader happy.

Those who open discussions with the goal of improving the Handbook must be able to accept a "No" as an answer. Typically "No" is used when we believe the current implementation is beneficial for the majority of readers.

In order to properly track open issues we ask you to add the {{Talk}} template to each discussion you open. Something similar to what is seen in the following example will suffice:

CODE Example open discussion
{{Talk|open|date=March 28, 2017}}
 
Hi Handbook team,
 
I constructively think FOO part of the Handbook can be enhanced in BAR way. Here is an example of the code/text that will make the improvement:
 
(insert code or text to be improved here.)
 
Thank you for considering my suggestion. --~~~~

The --~~~~ code at the end of the example inserts a dated signature when the page is saved or previewed. This code can either be typed in manually or generated by using the Signature and timestamp button in the edit toolbar. Wiki editors will refer to this as 'signing a discussion.' Please remember to sign each comment made on discussion pages.