Manual: Pàgina principal

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L'esforç de crear el manual de Gentoo

Introducció

El manual de Gentoo, és un intent de centralitzar tota la documentació en un sol manual, que sigui coherent i fàcil. Aquest Manual conté les instruccions per poder instalar, utilitzant la xarxa, Gentoo i Portage.

Arquitectures

Gentoo Linux està disponible en diferents tipus d'arquitectures. Però, què és volem dir quan ens referim a "arquitectura"?

En aquest context, arquitectura fa referència a una família de CPU's (processadors) que suporten les mateixes instruccions. Les dues arquitectures més abundants a nivell usuari son x86 i x86_64 (per a la qual, Gentoo utilitza amd64). Però hi han molts altres tipus d'arquitectura, com ara sparc, ppc (the PowerPC family), mips, arm, etc...

Una distribució tan versàtil com Gentoo suporta moltes arquitectures. És per aquesta raò, que tenim disponibles diversos manuals amb totes les arquitectures soportades. S'ha de tenir em compte, però, que això pot portar a alguna confusiò, ja que no tots els usuaris son conscients d'aquesta pecularitat. Alguns només tenen en compte el tipus de CPU o el nom del sistema (com i686 o Intel core i7). A sota trobareu un resum ràpid de totes les arquitectures suportades i dels abrevacios que utlitza Gentoo. tot i així, molta gent no sap quina arquitectura utilitza el seu sistema, estarà interessada en x86 o amd64.

Consultant el manual

Note
La següent taula és una mostra de les arquitectures suportades. Els exemples exposats de CPU's o sistemes tant sols son un exemple. Si no estas segur de quina arquitectura vols agafar, si us plau, llegeix la primera secció del segon capítol del Manual de Gentoo (Triant el medi d'instalació adequat), ja que s'explica les diferents plataformes suportades
Note
The arm and arm64 architectures are supported by the Gentoo project but do not yet have a full handbook at their disposal. Please refer to the ARM project for more information.
One page per chapter (many shorter pages) One page per part (longer pages)
Handbook for architecture Description of architecture Installing Gentoo Linux Working with Gentoo Working with Portage Network configuration
alpha The Alpha architecture is a 64-bit architecture developed by Digital Equipment Corporation (DEC). It is still in use by some mid-range and high-end servers, but the architecture is slowly being faded out.
(ES40, AlphaPC, UP1000, Noname)
Installation Working Portage Networking
amd64 A 64-bit architecture that is compatible with the x86 architecture (and thus also known as x86_64). It was first used by AMD (under the AMD64 name) and Intel (under the EM64T name) and is now the most prominent architecture for medium and high-end desktop PCs. It is also commonly found in the server segment.
(AMD Athlon 64, AMD Opteron, AMD Sempron processors, AMD Phenom, Intel Pentium 4, Intel Core2, Intel Core i3, i5, i7, some Intel Atom variants)
Installation Working Portage Networking
arm This 32-bit architecture is a very popular architecture for embedded and small systems. Sub-architectures range from ARMv1 to ARMv7 (Cortex) and are often found in smart phones, tablets, hand-held consoles, end-user GPS navigation systems, etc.

(StrongARM, Cortex-M)

arm64 This 64-bit architecture is a new arm variant for embedded and server systems. The only sub-architecture is ARMv8 and includes the Cortex-A53, and Cortex-A57 processors which are starting to appear in a variety of SoCs in developer boards, Smart phones, tablets etc.

(Cortex-A53, Cortex-A57)

hppa Referred to as HPPA, the PA-RISC architecture is an instruction set developed by Hewlett-Packard and was used in their mid- and high-end server series until about 2008 (after which HP started using Intel Itanium).
(HP 9000, PA-8600)
Installation Working Portage Networking
ia64 A 64-bit architecture designed by Intel and used in their Intel Itanium processor series. This architecture is not compatible with x86 or x86_64 (aka amd64) and is mostly found in medium and high-end server series.
(Intel Itanium)
Installation Working Portage Networking
mips Developed by MIPS Technologies, the MIPS architecture entails multiple subfamilies (called revisions) such as MIPS I, MIPS III, MIPS32, MIPS64 and more. MIPS is most common in embedded systems.
(MIPS32 1074K, R16000)
Installation Working Portage Networking
ppc A 32-bit architecture used by many Apple, IBM and Motorola processors. They are most commonly found in embedded systems.
(Apple OldWorld, Apple NewWorld, generi Pegasos, Efika, older IBM iSeries and pSeries)
Installation Working Portage Networking
ppc64 The 64-bit variant of the PPC architecture, popular in both embedded as well as high-end performance servers.
(IBM RS/6000s, IBM pSeries, IBM iSeries)
Installation Working Portage Networking
sparc The SPARC architecture is best known by its most common producers, Sun (now Oracle) and Fujitsu. It is used in server systems although a few workstations exist as well. In Gentoo, only SPARC64 compatible CPUs are supported.
(E3000, Blade 1000, Ultra 2)
Installation Working Portage Networking
x86 A 32-bit architecture used by CPUs that are often said to be "Intel compatible". It was, until recently, the most popular architecture for desktop PCs. Gentoo offers builds for i486 (supports all families) and i686 (supports Pentium and higher or compatible).
(i486, i686, AMD Athlon, Intel Core, Intel Atom)
Installation Working Portage Networking

Preguntes més frequents

No es pot crear màgicament un manual per cada opció?

Tot és possible en aquesta vida, però hem optat per només fer-ho a nivell pre-arquitectura. Altres opcions, com ara, particionar, selecció de kernel, instal·lació d'eines i més son suficientment fàcils com per explicar-les en un sol document.

No puc trobar informació del Stage 1 al manual de Gentoo

Les instruccions per utilitzar tant el Stage1 com el Stage dos, estan disponibles a Gentoo FAQ.Una instalació amb Stage3 és l'única suportada per ara.

No estic d'acord amb...

Si us plau, fes-nos arribar la teva idea mitjançant les "Pàgines de discussió" del respectiu manual. La documentació està feta per la comunitat, així que apreciem molt el feedback que ens pogeu donar.

S'ha de tenir en compte, que la majoria de decisions que es prenen mentre es crea la documentació, es fa de manera consensuada. És del tot impossible que thothom estigui content amb les decisions presses quan es segueix aquest model. Has de ser capaç d'acceptar un "No" com a resposta si creiem que és per beneficiar a thothom.

In order to properly track open issues we ask you to add the {{Talk}} template to each discussion you open, as seen in this example:

CODE Example open discussion
{{Talk|open|date=Jan 14 2017}}
 
Hi, I constructively think this part of the Handbook can be enhanced in this way. Here is an example of the code/text that will make the improvement:
 
(insert code/text here)
 
Kind regards, --Larry (talk) 05:38, 5 January 2017 (UTC)

Please also remember to sign your discussion using the Signature and timestamp button in the text formatting toolbox.