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KDE es una comunidad de software libre, que produce una amplia gama de aplicaciones, incluyendo el conocido entorno de escritorio Plasma.

El soporte para KDE en Gentoo es excelente, con un empaquetado completo de KDE Frameworks 5, Plasma 5 y aplicaciones de KDE 5, así como una amplia gama de programas diversos basados ​​en KDE.

Requisitos previos


La elección de un perfil adecuado es recomendable aunque no obligatorio ya que establece una serie de parámetros USE, tanto globales como para programas específicos, que facilitan la instalación y garantizan una experiencia de KDE sin problemas.

Con el fin de elegir el perfil más adecuado, primero liste los que están disponibles:

root #eselect profile list
  [1]   default/linux/amd64/17.1 (stable)
  [2]   default/linux/amd64/17.1/selinux (stable)
  [3]   default/linux/amd64/17.1/hardened (stable)
  [4]   default/linux/amd64/17.1/hardened/selinux (stable)
  [5]   default/linux/amd64/17.1/desktop (stable)
  [6]   default/linux/amd64/17.1/desktop/gnome (stable)
  [7]   default/linux/amd64/17.1/desktop/gnome/systemd (stable)
  [8]   default/linux/amd64/17.1/desktop/plasma (stable)
  [9]   default/linux/amd64/17.1/desktop/plasma/systemd (stable)

A continuación, seleccione el perfil adecuado, sustituyendo X con el número del perfil correspondiente:

root #eselect profile set X

Para un completo entorno de escritorio KDE, se recomienda utilizar el perfil desktop/plasma, que se adapta para su uso con OpenRC. Si se usa systemd, elija desktop/kde/systemd en su lugar. Para un entorno de escritorio Plasma 5 elija desktop/plasma con OpenRC o desktop/plasma/systemd con systemd. Nótese que otra combinación de USE puede ser técnicamente posible (especialmente si selecciona correr aplicaciones en vez de un entorno plasma completo), pero puede no ser soportado, no testeado o llevar a una inesperada perdida de funcionalidad.


Antes de instalar KDE SC se recomienda instalar previamente otros servicios. En parte, ello se hace automáticamente si se utiliza un perfil desktop/kde o desktop. Estos servicios son:

  • D-Bus: permite el uso del sistema bus para los mensajes de D-Bus.
  • polkit: activa el framework polkit para controlar los privilegios de los servicios en todo el sistema.
  • udev: activa el soporte de udev para nominar dispositivos de forma dinámica y permanente en Línux.
  • udisks: activa el soporte para algunos servicios relacionados con el almacenamiento.

Session tracker

Choose exactly one of:

  • elogind: Standalone logind package, default for desktop/plasma profile, extracted from systemd project for use with OpenRC or other init systems.
  • systemd: Uses the session tracker part of systemd. Users of systemd do not need to take any other initiative here.

Device manager

Choose exactly one of:

  • udev: Enables support for udev Linux dynamic and persistent device naming.
  • eudev: Fork of udev for better compatibility with older kernels and various toolchains.
  • systemd: Uses the device manager part of systemd. Users of systemd do not need to take any other initiative here.


  • D-Bus: Enables use of the D-Bus message bus system.
  • polkit: Enables the polkit framework for controlling privileges for system-wide services.
  • udisks: Enables support for some storage related services.

Servidor X

Lea y siga las instrucciones del artículo X server para configurar el entorno X.

Package conflicts

KDE Plasma and Release Service come with many dependencies. Some of these dependencies will predetermine package choices where otherwise there would be options to choose from.


Plasma 5 es la actual generación del entorno de escritorio de KDE, basado en Qt 5 y KDE Frameworks 5.

Versiones disponibles

KDE Gentoo Ebuild repository Status
KDE Plasma 5.18.5 kde-plasma/plasma-meta-5.18.5 gentoo Stable for amd64, arm64 and x86; Testing for arm and ppc64
KDE Plasma 5.19.5 kde-plasma/plasma-meta-5.19.5 gentoo Testing for amd64, arm, arm64, ppc64 and x86
KDE Plasma 5.20 Beta kde-plasma/plasma-meta-5.19.90 KDE Masked, testing for amd64, arm, arm64, ppc64 and x86
KDE Plasma 5.20 stable branch kde-plasma/plasma-meta- KDE Live version
KDE Plasma master branch kde-plasma/plasma-meta-9999 KDE Live version
Antes de continuar, asegurese de elegir un plasma profile. Usuarios de KDE 4 necesitarán tormar pasos extra.


El paquetekde-plasma/plasma-meta proporciona la suit completa de Plasma 5, configurada por los siguientes USE flags:

USE flags for kde-plasma/plasma-meta

root #emerge --ask kde-plasma/plasma-meta

Alternatively, kde-plasma/plasma-desktop provides a very basic desktop, leaving users free to install only the extra packages they require - or rather, figure out missing features on their own.

Please note that only installing kde-plasma/plasma-desktop will be missing important packages such as kde-plasma/powerdevil (power management, suspend and hibernate options), kde-plasma/systemsettings and many more, do not expect support in this case.


Muchos útiles widgets se encuentran en el paquete kde-plasma/kdeplasma-addons (el cuál ya es incluido en kde-plasma/plasma-meta):

root #emerge --ask kde-plasma/kdeplasma-addons

Gestor de pantallas

SDDM (Simple Desktop Display Manager) is the recommended login manager and is pulled in automatically via kde-plasma/plasma-meta by default. This is the preferred option. Alternatively, LightDM can be used and pulled in by setting USE flag -sddm for kde-plasma/plasma-meta. Change the setting accordingly in /etc/conf.d/xdm. Also, be sure to read through the SDDM page if further issues appear.

No display manager

Plasma can be started the old-fashioned way with startx, but extra care needs to be taken to ensure it gets a valid session.

ARCHIVO ~/.xinitrc
exec dbus-launch --exit-with-session startplasma-x11

System tray

Plasma 5 uses the StatusNotifier specification for systray icons [1]. As not all applications have been ported to the new system, some workarounds exist [2], and Plasma 5 has a means to convert old xembed-based system tray icons to StatusNotifier icons.

Legacy support is enabled by activating legacy-systray for kde-plasma/plasma-meta, which is pulling in kde-plasma/xembed-sni-proxy.

ARCHIVO /etc/portage/package.use/kde-plasma-settingsChange USE flags for kde-plasma/plasma-meta
# xembed system tray support for legacy applications
kde-plasma/plasma-meta legacy-systray


net-im/pidgin requires x11-plugins/pidgin-indicator. After install, the Ubuntu Indicator plugin can be found under Tools | Plugins.


Many users will be introduced to kde-frameworks/kwallet, Plasma's encrypted password storage, while adding a (wireless) network connection after login or adding E-Mail accounts in kde-apps/kmail.

For managing KWallets, importing and exporting passwords, there is kde-apps/kwalletmanager:

root #emerge --ask kde-apps/kwalletmanager

KWallet auto-unlocking

kde-plasma/kwallet-pam provides a mechanism to avoid being subsequently asked for access to kwallet after login.

root #emerge --ask kde-plasma/kwallet-pam

It requires the following setup:

  • For KWallet security, use classic blowfish encryption instead of GPG
  • Choose same password for login and kwallet
  • Configure a display manager with support for PAM - both x11-misc/sddm and x11-misc/lightdm fulfill that requirement:
ARCHIVO /etc/pam.d/sddmConfig lines for KWallet PAM unlocking via SDDM
-auth           optional        pam_kwallet5.so
-session        optional        pam_kwallet5.so auto_start
For LightDM, /etc/pam.d/lightdm needs to be edited instead.
If the filesystem containing your user's KWallet files is mounted by pam_mount upon logging on, you may need to copy ~/.local/share/kwalletd/kdewallet.salt to the same path on your root filesystem. Otherwise, PAM attempts to unlock KWallet before the home directory is available and fails. The file ~/.local/share/kwalletd/kdewallet.kwl which actually contains the encrypted KWallet passwords does not need to be copied.

Disabling KWallet

To disable the KWallet subsystem completely, edit the following file:

ARCHIVO ~/.config/kwalletrc

SSH/GPG Agent startup/shutdown scripts

ssh-agent scripts are located in /etc/xdg/plasma-workspace/env and /etc/xdg/plasma-workspace/shutdown. Shutdown scripts require executable bit set because they are not sourced. The Keychain article provides more information about this.

Run GUI applications with root privileges

It could be a very bad idea to start GUI applications with root privileges, versus adding the regular user to the relevant group or simply just running the command unprivileged. Only use kdesu when absolutely necessary.

KDE Plasma has a utility in order to start graphical programs with root privileges. It is provided by kde-plasma/kde-cli-tools - if built with USE flag kdesu, a graphical frontend to kde-frameworks/kdesu is installed. This requires Xorg, and only works within X.

ARCHIVO /etc/portage/package.use/kde-plasma-settingsChange USE flags for kde-plasma/kde-cli-tools
# Build graphical frontend for kde-frameworks/kdesu (requires X)
kde-plasma/kde-cli-tools kdesu X

Remember to rebuild the package to pick up the changes:

root #emerge -1 kde-cli-tools

It can be used by invoking kdesu either from KRunner or a terminal emulator:

user $kdesu <program-name>

A message dialog will be displayed prompting for the root password.

Some applications such as kwrite, dolphin etc. refuse to be opened with kdesu for security reasons.


Release Service consists of various applications and supporting libraries based on Qt 5/KDE Frameworks 5.

Versiones disponibles

KDE Gentoo Ebuild repository Status
KDE Release Service 20.04.3 kde-apps/kde-apps-meta-20.04.3 gentoo Stable for amd64, arm64 and x86; Testing for ppc64
KDE Release Service 20.08.1 kde-apps/kde-apps-meta-20.08.1 gentoo Testing for amd64, arm64, ppc64 and x86
KDE Release Service 20.08 stable branch kde-apps/kde-apps-meta- KDE Live version
KDE Release Service master branch kde-apps/kde-apps-meta-9999 KDE Live version

KDE Release Service is divided in the following meta packages:

Package name Description
kde-apps/kdeaccessibility-meta Accessibility applications and utilities.
kde-apps/kdeadmin-meta Administrative utilities, which helps in managing the system.
kde-apps/kdecore-meta Basic applications such as file browser, editor, terminal emulator.
kde-apps/kdeedu-meta Educational applications and games.
kde-apps/kdegames-meta Standard desktop games.
kde-apps/kdegraphics-meta Graphics applications such as image viewers, color pickers, etc.
kde-apps/kdemultimedia-meta Audio and video playback applications and services.
kde-apps/kdenetwork-meta Network applications and VNC services.
kde-apps/kdepim-meta PIM applications such as emailer, addressbook, organizer, etc.
kde-apps/kdesdk-meta Various development tools.
kde-apps/kdeutils-meta Standard desktop utilities such as a archiver, a calculator, etc.


The kde-apps/kde-apps-meta package provides the full Release Service bundle, but alternatively, one or several smaller meta packages from the list above may be picked instead:

root #emerge --ask kde-apps/kde-apps-meta

Cambiar el idioma

Plasma-5 and Applications are shipping their localization per-package. Enable your localization in systemsettings.


KDE PIM is a whole suite of applications to manage personal information including mail, calendar, contacts and more. It has several optional runtime dependencies to extend its functionality:


KDE Frameworks 5 es una colección de bibliotecas y de software frameworks que proporcionan la base para KDE Plasma 5 y las aplicaciones de KDE 5, pero puede ser aprovechado por cualquier aplicación Qt.

Como los frameworks son, en su mayoría, bibliotecas y proporcionan poca funcionalidad de usuario, ello hace que no sea necesaria su instalación de forma manual —los paquetes requeridos serán obtenidos automáticamente, así como sus dependencias—.

Available versions

KDE Gentoo Ebuild repository Status
KDE Frameworks 5.70.0 kde-frameworks/*-5.70.0 gentoo Stable for amd64, arm64 and x86, testing for arm and ppc64
KDE Frameworks 5.74.0 kde-frameworks/*-5.74.0 gentoo Testing for amd64, arm, arm64, ppc64 and x86
KDE Frameworks master branch kde-frameworks/*-9999 KDE Live version

Más software para KDE

Las aplicaciones para KDE más importantes están en el árbol portage y muchas se encuentran en las categorías kde-apps y kde-misc.


Refer to the Troubleshooting sub-article.

Véase también

Recursos externos