Gentoo AMD64 Handbook

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This page is a translated version of the page Handbook:AMD64 and the translation is 100% complete.


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AMD64 Handbook
Installation
About the installation
Choosing the media
Configuring the network
Preparing the disks
Installing stage3
Installing base system
Configuring the kernel
Configuring the system
Installing tools
Configuring the bootloader
Finalizing
Working with Gentoo
Portage introduction
USE flags
Portage features
Initscript system
Environment variables
Working with Portage
Files and directories
Variables
Mixing software branches
Additional tools
Custom package repository
Advanced features
Network configuration
Getting started
Advanced configuration
Modular networking
Wireless
Adding functionality
Dynamic management

这本Gentoo手册是集中了Gentoo/Linux相关信息的成果。本手册包含一份基于Internet进行安装的安装说明,还有使用Gentoo和Portage的相关内容。

安装Gentoo

在这个部分,读者可以学习如何将Gentoo安装到系统中。

关于Gentoo Linux的安装
本章简单介绍本手册所包含的安装方法。
选择正确的安装媒介
安装Gentoo有很多种方法,本章介绍如何使用最小化安装CD(Minimal Installation CD)来安装Gentoo。
配置网络
需要配置好网络才能下载最新的源代码。
准备磁盘
为了安装Gentoo,需要创建一些必须的分区。本章说明了如何分区磁盘以方便以后的使用。
安装Gentoo的安装文件
Gentoo通过一个stage3归档文件来进行安装,在这一章里我们描述了如何解压缩stage3归档文件和配置Portage。
安装Gentoo基本系统
在安装和配置完stage3文件后基本系统就搭建好了,这样我们就有了一个可用的最小化环境。
配置Linux内核
Linux内核是每一个发行版的核心。本章说明了应该如何配置内核。
配置系统
系统安装过程中需要修改一些重要的配置文件,本章提供了这些文件的一个概述以及如何修改的说明。
安装系统工具
本章指导选择和安装一些重要的系统工具。
配置系统引导程序Bootloader
本章指导安装和配置正确的系统引导程序。
收尾安装工作
安装现在已经基本完成,本章记录了最后的收尾工作。

使用Gentoo

A Portage introduction
This chapter explains simple steps readers must understand to maintain the software on their system.
USE flags
USE flags are a very important aspect of Gentoo. In this chapter, readers learn to work with USE flags and understand how USE flags interact with their system.
Portage features
Discover the features Portage has, such as support for distributed compiling, ccache, and more.
Init script system
Gentoo uses a special initscript format which, amongst other features, allows dependency-driven decisions and virtual initscripts. This chapter explains all these aspects and explains how to deal with these scripts.
Environment variables
With Gentoo environment variables can be easily managed. This chapter explains how to do that, and also describes frequently used variables.

使用Portage

Files and directories
To know Portage in-depth, first learn where it stores its files and data.
Variables
Portage is completely configurable through various variables that can be set in the configuration file or as environment variable.
Mixing software branches
Gentoo provides software separated in several branches, depending on stability and architectural support. "Mixing Software Branches" explains how these branches can be configured and how to override this separation individually.
Additional tools
Portage comes with a few extra tools that might make the Gentoo experience even better. Read on to discover how to use dispatch-conf and other tools.
Custom package repository
This chapter gives some tips and tricks on how to use a custom package repository, how to synchronize only the categories necessary, inject packages, and more.
Advanced features
As times goes by, Portage evolves and matures further and further. Additional features are continuously being put in - many of these are only of use by more advanced users. This chapter will go into more detail of these specific features.

Gentoo网络配置

Getting started
A guide to quickly get the network interface up and running in most common environments.
Advanced configuration
Here we learn about how the configuration works - this is prerequisite knowledge before continuing with modular networking.
Modular networking
Learn how to choose different DHCP clients, setting up bonding, bridging, VLANs, and more.
Wireless
Configuring Gentoo for wireless networks
Adding functionality
Adventurous users can add their own functions to the networking tools.
Dynamic management
For laptop users or people who move their computer around different networks.




This article is based on a document formerly found on our main website gentoo.org.
The following people contributed to the original document: Grant Goodyear, Roy Marples, Daniel Robbins, Chris Houser, Jerry Alexandratos, Seemant Kulleen, Tavis Ormandy, Jason Huebel, Guy Martin, Pieter Van den Abeele, Joe Kallar, John P. Davis, Pierre-Henri Jondot, Eric Stockbridge, Rajiv Mangliani, Jungmin Seo, Stoyan Zhekov, Jared Hudson, Colin Morey, Jorge Paolo, Carl Anderson, Jon Portnoy, Zack Gilburd, Jack Morgan, Benny Chuang, Erwin, Joshua Kinard, Tobias Scherbaum, Xavier Neys, Joshua Saddler, Gerald J. Normandin Jr., Donnie Berkholz, Ken Nowack, Lars Weiler
They are listed here as the Wiki history does not allow for any external attribution. If you edit the Wiki article, please do not add yourself here; your contributions are recorded on the history page.

A handbook dedicated to installing and configuring the amd64 architecture.