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Not to be confused with display manager.
A window manager manages the creation, manipulation, and destruction of on-screen windows and window decorations in Xorg.
Each X server installation should usually have a window manager. If a desktop environment is used, a window manager will generally be provided.
Windows managers can generally be dynamic, stacking, or tiling in their behavior.
- Stacking (or floating) window managers have windows analogous to pieces of paper on a physical desktop, which can be stacked each on top of the others, with the one with which the user interacts on top of the stack, and totally visible.
- Tiling window managers represent windows as tiles, or split views, with windows displayed next to one another, but with none of the windows overlapping.
- Dynamic window managers can dynamically switch between the other two paradigms.
Windows managers can integrate a compositor, for buffering graphics before showing them, allowing visual effects, anti-flicker and other facilities.
This is a partial selection of window managers available in Gentoo. See x11-wm on packages.gentoo.org, or use eix (app-portage/eix).
|aewm||x11-wm/aewm||404 (bug #708484)||Minimalistic, dynamic X11 window manager.|
|aewm||x11-wm/aewm++||https://github.com/frankhale/aewmpp||Dynamic window manager with more modern features than aewm but with the same look and feel.|
|amiwm||x11-wm/amiwm||https://www.lysator.liu.se/~marcus/amiwm.html||Stacking window manager that resembles the Amiga Workbench user interface.|
|Awesome||x11-wm/awesome||https://awesomewm.org/||Highly configurable, next generation, dynamic window manager for X.|
|blackbox||x11-wm/blackbox||https://github.com/bradleythughes/blackbox||Open-source stacking window manager written in C++ and licensed under the MIT License.|
|bspwm||x11-wm/bspwm||https://github.com/baskerville/bspwm||Lightweight, tiling, minimalist window manager that is written in C and represents its windows as leaves on a binary tree.|
|CTWM||x11-wm/ctwm||https://www.ctwm.org/index.html||Lightweight, stacking window manager.|
|cwm||x11-wm/cwm||https://github.com/leahneukirchen/cwm||Lightweight, stacking window manager originally developed for OpenBSD.|
|dwm||x11-wm/dwm||https://dwm.suckless.org/||Dynamic window manager for X11.|
|echinus||x11-wm/echinus||https://plhk.ru/||Lightweight tiling and floating window manager forked from dwm.|
|Enlightenment||x11-wm/enlightenment||https://www.enlightenment.org/||Eye-candy, compositing and stacking window manager that is released under the permissive BSD License.|
|evilwm||x11-wm/evilwm||https://www.6809.org.uk/evilwm/||Lightweight, stacking window manager.|
|fluxbox||x11-wm/fluxbox||http://fluxbox.org/||Open-source stacking window manager for X11 that was originally forked from Blackbox.|
|FVWM||x11-wm/fvwm||http://www.fvwm.org/||Stacking window manager for X11.|
|goomwwm||x11-wm/goomwwm||https://github.com/seanpringle/goomwwm||Get out of my way, Window Manager!|
|herbstluftwm||x11-wm/herbstluftwm||https://herbstluftwm.org/||Manual tiling window manager for X11 using Xlib and Glib.|
|JWM||x11-wm/jwm||https://github.com/joewing/jwm||Extremely lightweight window manager for the X window system.|
|i3||x11-wm/i3||https://i3wm.org/||Minimalist tiling window manager, completely written from scratch.|
|IceWM||x11-wm/icewm||https://ice-wm.org/||Free and open-source, lightweight, stacking window manager for X11.|
|KWin||kde-plasma/kwin||https://userbase.kde.org/KWin||KDE's compositing window manager.|
|larswm||x11-wm/larswm||http://porneia.free.fr/larswm/larswm.html||Tiling window manager for X11, based on 9wm.|
|lwm||x11-wm/lwm||http://www.jfc.org.uk/software/lwm.html||Lightweight, stacking window manager.|
|Marco||x11-wm/marco||https://github.com/mate-desktop/marco||MATE's window manager, forked from Metacity, the window manager of GNOME 2.|
|matwm2||x11-wm/matwm2||https://github.com/segin/matwm2||Simple EWMH compatible window manager with titlebars and frames.|
|Muffin||x11-wm/muffin||https://github.com/linuxmint/muffin||Cinnamon's compositing window manager.|
|Musca||x11-wm/musca||https://launchpad.net/musca||Simple dynamic window manager, with features nicked from ratpoison and dwm.|
|Mutter||x11-wm/mutter||https://gitlab.gnome.org/GNOME/mutter/||GNOME's compositing window manager.|
|Notion||x11-wm/notion||http://notion.sourceforge.net/||Tiling, tabbed window manager for X11.|
|Openbox||x11-wm/openbox||http://openbox.org/||Highly configurable, next generation, stacking window manager for X11 with extensive standards support.|
|oroborus||x11-wm/oroborus||https://www.oroborus.org/ (link seems wrong, as of 2022-11)||Small and fast window manager.|
|page||x11-wm/page||https://github.com/gschwind/page||Mouse-friendly tiling window manager.|
|PekWM||x11-wm/pekwm||https://www.pekwm.se/||Lightweight, dynamic window manager originally forked from aewm++.|
|Qtile||x11-wm/qtile||http://www.qtile.org/||Open-source, tiling window manager that is written in and extended with the Python programming language.|
|ratpoison||x11-wm/ratpoison||https://nongnu.org/ratpoison/||Tiling window manager modeled after screen.|
|Sith WM||x11-wm/sithwm||https://sithwm.darkside.no/||Minimalist window manager for X11.|
|spectrwm||x11-wm/spectrwm||http://srobb.net/spectrwm.html||Small dynamic tiling window manager for X11.|
|StumpWM||x11-wm/stumpwm||https://stumpwm.github.io/||Tiling window manager written entirely in Common Lisp.|
|twm||x11-wm/twm||https://gitlab.freedesktop.org/xorg/app/twm||Simple stacking window manager started written in C.|
|WindowLab||x11-wm/windowlab||https://github.com/nickgravgaard/windowlab||Small and simple window manager of novel design.|
|Window Maker||x11-wm/windowmaker||http://www.windowmaker.org/||Fast and light GNUstep window manager.|
|wm2||x11-wm/wm2||https://www.all-day-breakfast.com/wm2/||Minimalist window manager for X11.|
|Xfwm||xfce-base/xfwm4||https://docs.xfce.org/xfce/xfwm4/start||Xfce's compositing window manager.|
|xmonad||x11-wm/xmonad||https://xmonad.org/||Fast and lightweight tiling window manager for X11.|
- Desktop environment — provides a list of desktop environments available in Gentoo.
- Display manager — presents the user with a graphical login screen to start a GUI session, either X or Wayland.
- Comparison of X window managers (Wikipedia)