ratpoison is a tiling window manager modeled after screen. The main philosophy behind ratpoison is to manage window without using a mouse (what it's name reflects). Being written in C, it is extremely lightweight and fast.
USE flags for x11-wm/ratpoison window manager without mouse dependency
emerge --ask x11-wm/ratpoison
Edit ~/.xinitrc in the user's home directory by adding the following line:
Being a simple window manager, ratpoison does not need much out-of-the-box configuration. Customizable settings can be adjusted to each user's needs by editing ratpoison's start up file.
On start up ratpoison runs commands found in the ~/.ratpoisonrc file. This file contains key bindings and programs that need to be run with ratpoison. Here is an example of a ~/.ratpoisonrc file:
# Add key bindings: bind c exec /usr/bin/urxvt bind e exec /usr/bin/urxvt -e /usr/bin/emacs bind m exec /usr/bin/urxvt -bg black -fg white -e /usr/bin/mitmproxy bind f exec /usr/bin/firefox # What programs should be ran on start up? exec /usr/bin/numlockx # Initiate here the number of desired workspaces: exec /usr/bin/rpws init 6 -k
Since ratpoison is modeled after screen, users accustomed to screen will easily manage to use it. Each command begins with a Ctrl-t (abbreviated C-t from now on), and is followed by one other keystroke. The simplest way to get to know the commands is to press C-t ? This will open a help window containing the most common key bindings.
Most commonly used keys:
|C-t C-c||Execute xterm|
|C-t !||Spawn a shell executing shell command, usually an application, such as C-t ! firefox Enter|
|C-t k||Close the current window|
|C-t b||Banish the rat cursor to the lower right corner of the screen. The next step would be to unplug the rat from the computer altogether.|
|C-t C-t||Switch to the window that was last accessed but is not currently visible|
|C-t s||Split the current frame into upper frame and a lower frame. By default, split in halves.|
|C-t S||Split the current frame into left frame and a right frame.|
|C-t r||Resize the current frame interactively by pressing Up and Down keys. Hit Enter when finished.|
|C-t R||Remove the current frame and extend some frames around to fill the remaining gap.|
|C-t :quit||Run before exiting ratpoison|
|C-t a||Output current data and time|
|C-t C-g||Do nothing and that successfully|
All windows are maximized to the full screen size.
By default, ratpoison only has one workspace. Add the following line to the ~/.ratpoisonrc file in order to create six workspaces:
exec /usr/bin/rpws init 6 -k
Switch between workspaces with Alt+F1, Alt+F2, etc.
- Openbox — a highly configurable, next generation, stacking window manager for X11 with extensive standards support.
- LXDE - The Lightweight X11 Desktop Environment built off Openbox and a smart collection of lightweight applications.
- Xfce — a lightweight desktop environment for Unix-like operating systems.