DISTDIR

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This page is a translated version of the page DISTDIR and the translation is 44% complete.
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Переменная DISTDIR определяет положение, где Portage будет хранить скачанные архивы с исходным кодом. По умолчанию это каталог /usr/portage/distfiles.

Этот каталог, который часто называется каталогом distfiles, хранит архивы с исходным кодом всех программ установленных (или которые пытались установить) в системе. Однако данный каталог не очищается автоматически, поэтому пользователи должны использовать специальные программы, например команда eclean-dist (которая поставляется как часть пакета app-portage/gentoolkit), чтобы размер данного каталога не вышел из-под контроля. Для более детальной информации прочитайте статью Eclean.

Пользователи могут установить переменную DISTDIR в /etc/portage/make.conf:

Файл /etc/portage/make.confИспользование другого каталога в DISTDIR
DISTDIR=/var/gentoo/distfiles

Source of archives

To download source code archives, Portage will download files from servers defined in the GENTOO_MIRRORS first (to alleviate load on upstream project resources and for other reasons). The SRC_URI variable in individual ebuilds, points to the package's original source files, which is originally downloaded by the ebuild maintainers during ebuild creation and development.

Part of ebuild development is the creation of Manifest files, which ensure the upstream source files are not modified from the time they are downloaded by the ebuild developer, distributed to Gentoo's mirror system, then to their destination on the endpoint system.

Bypassing Gentoo mirrors

Предупреждение
Over time, upstream projects who host package source files will move their project's source URLs to new locations. In some instances, upstream projects will discontinue development, which eventually leads to the inability to obtain software sources from upstream locations.

Due to the Gentoo mirroring system, ebuild maintainers can still 'support' ebuilds with deprecated upstream sources. This allows software to be gracefully phased out of the gentoo:: ebuild repository, which is part of a good user experience for the Gentoo community. For these reasons and others, users who choose to bypass the Gentoo mirror system should expect unreliable downloads for source files.

To download the source archives bypassing Gentoo mirrors, set the GENTOO_MIRRORS variable to an empty value from the command-line. For example:

root #GENTOO_MIRRORS="" emerge --ask www-client/firefox

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