本文章提供了一个 Gentoo 中可用的桌面环境列表。
A desktop environment is a complete ecosystem of software and resources providing a homogeneous graphical user experience. Generally based on specific graphical widgets, configuration system, root window with desktop background, taskbar with window list and menu, icons, window manager etc. It provides a coherent visual metaphor for a user to interact with the computer.
A desktop environment can be a great convenience to many users, though a custom graphical environment can be assembled if preferred, i.e. Xorg could be used with a window manager and select desktop utilities. Gentoo's flexibility means that many desktop environments are available, and more than one can generally be installed in parallel. Gentoo can of course be used exclusively in text mode, as a server platform for example.
Gentoo does not have separate releases or "flavors" for different desktop environments, as some other distributions do - a desktop environment is simply installed on the base system.
|Budgie||gnome-extra/budgie-meta||The flagship desktop of the Solus Project, focuses on simplicity and elegance and is tightly integrated with the GNOME 3 stack.|
|Cinnamon||gnome-extra/cinnamon||GNOME 3 fork with a traditional Windows-like interface.|
|Deepin Desktop Environment||dde-base/dde-meta||Elegant, easy to use and reliable domestic desktop environment.|
|Enlightenment||x11-wm/enlightenment||Eye-candy, compositing and stacking window manager that is released under the permissive BSD License.|
|FVWM-Crystal||x11-themes/fvwm-crystal||Easy to use, powerful and pretty desktop environment.|
|GNOME||gnome-base/gnome||One of the most widely-used desktop environments for Linux. A lighter alternative, gnome-base/gnome-light, is also available. Quite a few forks of GNOME have been created, including Cinnamon (early GNOME 3) and MATE (late GNOME 2).|
|KDE Plasma||kde-plasma/plasma-meta||Based on Qt5 and KDE Frameworks 5. This is the desktop environment only. A wide range of related applications are available separately with kde-apps/kde-apps-meta.|
|LXDE||lxde-base/lxde-meta||Lightweight X11 Desktop Environment.|
|LXQt||lxqt-base/lxqt-meta||Lightweight desktop environment based on the Qt toolkit.|
|Lumina||x11-wm/lumina||Lightweight desktop environment, free of dbus and *kit.|
|MATE||mate-base/mate||Fork of the GNOME 2 desktop environment.|
|Pantheon||pantheon-base/pantheon||New lightweight, modular desktop environment primarily written in Vala.|
|TDE||trinity-base/tdebase-meta||Fork of KDE 3.5.|
|Xfce||xfce-base/xfce4-meta||Fully featured lightweight desktop environment.|
- 显示管理器 — presents the user with a graphical login screen to start a GUI session, either X or Wayland.
- 窗口管理器 — manages the creation, manipulation, and destruction of on-screen windows and window decorations in Xorg.