Abbreviations, terminology, and jargon
As with any unique distribution with a history, specific colloquialisms such as "Portage tree", or deprecated terminology such as "Herds" have influenced conversation in the Gentoo community. In order to aid new community members and harden concepts for existing ones, this article aims to serve as a location to collect terms, definitions, acronyms, colloquialisms, expressions, and all other types of jargon known to the Gentoo community.
If possible, entries under each section should list a link or other type of authoritative upstream citation. Archive.org links are welcome, but only if necessary (example: when citing information from the original Gentoo.org site).
Editors: please focus on the not-so-common abbreviations which are important in the Gentoo universe. Well-known general abbreviations like CPU or SCSI would not fit here.
|Short form||Long form||Explanation|
|ABI||Application Binary Interface||wikipedia:ABI|
|API||Application Programming interface||wikipedia:API|
|CLA||Contributor License Agreement||wikipedia:CLA|
|CLI||Command Line Interface||wikipedia:CLI|
|CoC||Code of Conduct||...|
|EAPI||Ebuild API||The term ebuild API was invented on the gentoo-dev mailing list.|
|GGO/ggo/g.g.o||gitweb.gentoo.org||Official Gentoo git repositories.|
|GH||GitHub||GitHub hosts the official mirror of Gentoo git repositories |
|GLSA||Gentoo Linux Security Advisories||GLSA|
|GLEP||Gentoo Linux Enhancement Proposal||Project:GLEP|
|IOMMU||Input–output memory management unit||wikipedia:IOMMU|
|LTO||Link Time Optimization||gcc:LTO, Clang|
|m-n||maintainer needed||As in "this package is set to maintainer needed status"|
|PGO||Profile Guided Optimization||wikipedia:PGO|
|PIE||Position-Independent Executables||a security hardening technique; wikipedia:PIE|
|PMASKED||package masked (listed in packages.mask)||PMASKED in bug tickets|
|PMS||Package Manager Specification||Project:Package Manager Specification and latest HTML rendering.|
|PR||Pull Request||request to merge a patch (e.g. on GitHub).|
|p-m||Proxy Maintainer||Project:Proxy Maintainers|
|QA||Quality assurance||Project:Quality Assurance|
|SOB||Signed Off By||...|
|stablereq||Stabilization Request||Stable request|
|VDB||/var/db/pkg||Database of installed packages|
What is jargon? According to Wikipedia, jargon is the specialized terminology associated with a particular field or area of activity. In Gentoo, this means terms such as Portage tree, ebuild repository/overlay, genkernel, Profiles, and other terms these not quickly or easily understood by etymology alone.
- Portage - The package management framework for Gentoo. It downloads, unpacks, compiles, and installs packages.
- Genkernel — a tool created by Gentoo used to automate the build process of the kernel and initramfs.
- gentoo.git - The name of Gentoo's official, primary repository containing elements of the EAPI used to install packages via Portage.
- Herd - A deprecated term used to define a group of developers who shared maintenance responsibility for a specific group of ebuilds.
- Portage tree - The historic title of the main ebuild repository for Gentoo. Now more of a colloquial reference.
- This abbreviation is not official, but very often used in chats.