hppa Admin Notes
These are various notes mainly targeted at people administrating Gentoo dev machines, although most things are probably generally useful. These are not general "how do I administrate a Gentoo box" notes.
These are the current systems we have available. See machine specific notes at bottom for more details.
|Machine Name||IP||DNS Hostnames||Console Server||Console Account|
You connect to the serial console over ssh. If your account doesn't have access, talk to infra@ to get your keys on there.
ssh -p 3003 -l $USER console1.gentoo.osuosl.org
You can use this to:
- Interact with the early firmware (e.g. to select recovery kernel)
- Log in directly to recover
- Send magic sysrq requests to try and recover the box (e.g. when ssh is dead)
Enter CTRL-B (or ESC-() to escape from the 'CO' console back to the ILO/MP.
Not all machines have one of these.
> CM MP:HE> LI LI ==== MP Help: Command Menu List ============================================= BP : Reset BMC Passwords MS : Modem Status CA : Configure asynch/serial ports PC : Remote Power Control DATE: Display Date PG : PaGing parameters setup DC : Default Configuration PR : Power Restore Policy Config. DF : Display FRU Information PS : Power management module Status DI : DIsconnect users RB : Reset BMC DNS : Configure DHCP and DNS RS : Reset System through RST signal FW : Upgrade MP firmware SA : Set MP Access HE : Display Help SNMP: Configure SNMP parameters ID : System Information SO : Security Options IT : Modify MP inactivity timeouts SS : System processors Status LC : Configure LAN, SSH and Web ports SYSREV: Display System firmware Revs. LDAP: Configure Directory parameters TC : Reset system via INIT LM : License Management TE : TEll- send a msg. to other users LOC : Locator LED display UC : User Configuration LS : LAN Status WHO : Display connected MP users MR : Modem Reset XD : Diagnostics and reset of MP ==== (HE for main help, enter command name, or Q to quit) [muta-gentoo-ilo] MP:CM> RS RS Execution of this command irrecoverably halts all system processing and I/O activity and restarts the computer system. Type Y to confirm your intention to restart the system: (Y/[N]) y y -> SPU hardware was successfully issued a reset.
Common PDC Commands
If you reboot into the PDC (the early firmware), you have some options to recover manually:
- Hit any key right after power on (it'll prompt you) to halt the process and interact with PDC directly.
BO ALTto boot the alternative media (usually a livecd).
bootto launch PALO (the bootloader), and then type
Ywhen asked whether to interact with the IPL (Initial Program Loader).
Common PALO Commands
PALO will display the list of partitions first, and then show the current command line. Those partition numbers are used when constructing the path to the kernel. So 2/vmlinux means load the file vmlinux from the 2nd partition. When recovery kernels are enabled, then partition 0 is the recovery partition.
To boot a known good kernel, try changing the kernel path to the recovery kernel at 0/vmlinux32.
To boot a recovery shell, try changing the last command line option (usually
TERM=vt102) to the rescue shell like
In order to use magic sysrq, you'll need to send a break command followed by the request. To send a break, you'll need to use the ssh escape sequence, and you'll have to remember to double escape the character (if you're not sshing directly to the console server).
Enter~bh (if connected directly) or
Enter~~~bh (if sshing via another system).
If it worked, you should see the one line of help text like:
SysRq : HELP : loglevel(0-9) reboot(b) crash(c) terminate-all-tasks(e) memory-full-oom-kill(f) kill-all-tasks(i) thaw-filesystems(j) sak(k) show-memory-usage(m) nice-all-RT-tasks(n) poweroff(o) show-registers(p) show-all-timers(q) unraw(r) sync(s) show-task-states(t) unmount(u) show-blocked-tasks(w)
hppa systems use the palo tool from the sys-boot/palo package to manage booting of kernels. Things to remember:
- Make updates to /etc/palo.conf.
palowhenever palo.conf is changed or kernels referred to by the config file are updated (failure to do so will break booting).
- The bootable linux kernel is created at vmlinux (e.g. under /usr/src/linux/).
make installshortcut usually does not do the right thing under hppa.
Sample Config Files
--commandline=2/vmlinux root=/dev/sda3 panic=3 --init-partitioned=/dev/sda --recoverykernel=/boot/vmlinux.ok
- Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org
- IPv4: 220.127.116.11; netmask 255.255.255.224; gateway 18.104.22.168
- IPv6: 2001:470:ea4a:1:230:6eff:fe2b:c8d4/64; gateway 2001:470:ea4a:1::1/64
- System: C3600
- Memory: 3G
- CPU: PA8600 552MHz
- Disks: 50GB
- Contact: email@example.com
- IPv4: 22.214.171.124 netmask TBD; gateway TBD
- IPv6: TBD
- System: RP3440
- Memory: 8G
- CPU: PA8800 1GHz
- Disks: ~80GB