zsh

From Gentoo Wiki
Jump to: navigation, search

zsh (Z shell) is an interactive login shell that can also be used as a powerful scripting language interpreter. It is similar to bash and the Korn shell, but offers extensive configurability, powerful command-line completion, file globbing, and spelling correction.

Installation

USE flags

USE flags for app-shells/zsh UNIX Shell similar to the Korn shell

caps Use Linux capabilities library to control privilege global
debug Enable extra debug codepaths, like asserts and extra output. If you want to get meaningful backtraces see https://wiki.gentoo.org/wiki/Project:Quality_Assurance/Backtraces global
doc Add extra documentation (API, Javadoc, etc). It is recommended to enable per package instead of globally global
examples Install examples, usually source code global
gdbm Add support for sys-libs/gdbm (GNU database libraries) global
maildir Add support for maildir (~/.maildir) style mail spools global
pcre Add support for Perl Compatible Regular Expressions global
static !!do not set this during bootstrap!! Causes binaries to be statically linked instead of dynamically global
unicode Add support for Unicode global

Emerge

Install app-shells/zsh:

root #emerge --ask zsh

Add-ons

app-shells/zsh-completions

Emerging app-shells/zsh-completions enables auto-completion for arguments of commands, which is one of the advantages zsh has over other shells:

root #emerge --ask app-shells/zsh-completions
Note
To enable auto-completion globally (for most programs), add 'zsh-completion' to the USE variable in /etc/portage/make.conf

app-shells/gentoo-zsh-completions

Emerging app-shells/gentoo-zsh-completions enables Gentoo specific auto-completion for arguments of Portage and other Gentoo commands:

root #emerge --ask app-shells/gentoo-zsh-completions

When installing this package be sure to add the following to the respective ~/.zshrc files:

FILE ~/.zshrcEnabling Portage completions and Gentoo prompt for zsh
autoload -U compinit promptinit
compinit
promptinit; prompt gentoo

To enable a cache for the completions add:

FILE ~/.zshrcEnabling Portage completions and Gentoo prompt for zsh
zstyle ':completion::complete:*' use-cache 1

Configuration

Invocation

user $zsh

Upon running zsh for the first time as a new user, you will be greeted by a basic configuration dialog. The setup process can be skipped by pressing q. If the setup process is skipped zsh can be setup manually.

Setting zsh as the default shell

To make zsh the default shell for a user, run:

user $chsh -s /bin/zsh

File

zsh's main configuration file is located in each user's home directory at ~/.zshrc. Reload this file in running shells for the changes to take effect:

user $source ~/.zshrc
Note
Reloading via the source command is only necessary when instances of zsh are already in memory after changes are made to the shell's configuration file.

oh-my-zsh

The zsh community created numerous tweaks, the easiest way to acquire them is to install oh-my-zsh framework. It contains handy plugins and eye candy themes, and makes their configuration very easy. However you should always consider the security risk involving running code outside of Gentoo developers jurisdiction.

See also

External resources