From Gentoo Wiki
Jump to:navigation Jump to:search


This guide is written in a way that forces the reader to manually perform every step, excluding environment variables via the setup script because I want to be able to change those. If you would like to follow the official guide provided by beagleboard, which is far more streamlined and automated, please see the references at the bottom of this document.

WARNING This guide is very much still a work in progress. Do not expect anything to work yet.


   emerge -a sys-block/bmap-tools sys-fs/genimage dev-libs/libyaml sys-fs/mtools
   mkdir beaglev-fire-gentoo && cd beaglev-fire-gentoo
   export PROJECT_ROOT="$PWD"
   # the target directory will be where we store relevant parts of our target image before we turn it into an image
   # the boot dir will contain the linux image, hss payloads, and anything else needed to boot
   mkdir -p target/boot target/rootfs
   # The tools directory will contain anything needed to generate pieces of the image. The HSS payload generator is one example of this
   mkdir tools
   # We will store any temporary downloads we need here, like the stage3 tarball
   mkdir downloads

Using the riscv toolchain provided via crossdev

Crossdev is required for this step. If you don’t have crossdev set up, use this guide to install it. At the time of writing this, crossdev installs riscv64-unknown-linux-gnu-gcc 13.2.1. This is note worthy because the official beagleboard guide uses 11.4. If there are issues with this toolchain, use the precompiled toolchain via these steps.

   crossdev -t riscv64-unknown-linux-gnu
   export RISCV64_CC="riscv64-unknown-linux-gnu-"

Using a precompiled toolchain

   mkdir mirror
   mkdir toolchain
   export GCC_VERSION=11.4.0
   wget -c --directory-prefix=./mirror/ "${GCC_VERSION}/x86_64-gcc-${GCC_VERSION}-nolibc-riscv64-linux.tar.xz"
   tar xvf ./mirror/x86_64-gcc-${GCC_VERSION}-nolibc-riscv64-linux.tar.xz --strip-components=2 -C ./toolchain/
   export RISCV64_CC="$PWD/toolchain/bin/riscv64-linux-"

From this point forward, instructions will use the RISCV64_CC variable as the toolchain.

WARNING: Using the precompiled toolchain instead of the toolchain provided by crossdev means the chroot and qemu steps likely won’t work. More information on this will be added later, but in the meantime just know that if you don’t use the crossdev toolchain, you’ll need to skip cross emerging and chrooting. This just means you’ll need to compile and configure on the device instead after the first boot. Using the toolchain provided by crossdev is highly recommended.

Export some other misc. environment variables:

   export HSS_BRANCH="v2023.02"
   export HSS_REPO=""
   export UBOOT_BRANCH="linux4microchip+fpga-2023.02"
   export UBOOT_REPO=""
   export GIT_DEPTH=20
   export CORES=$(getconf _NPROCESSORS_ONLN)

Configuring QEMU-user and binfmt

In a perfect world, producing a rootfs from scratch would simply mean downloading the tarball, unwrapping it into the destined rootfs folder, and running a few scripts to set it up. However, sometimes it can be useful to install a package or configure the system before deploying it to the target device. We can use qemu-user to chroot into our target system to do these things.

Prepare to install QEMU

   echo 'QEMU_SOFTMMU_TARGETS="riscv64 x86_64"' >> /etc/portage/make.conf
   echo 'QEMU_USER_TARGETS="riscv64"' >> /etc/portage/make.conf
   echo app-emulation/qemu static-user >> /etc/portage/package.use/qemu

Install QEMU

   emerge --ask --update --newuse --deep app-emulation/qemu

Now create a binary package for QEMU. This is done so that we can install it into our target system to run chroot properly.

   quickpkg app-emulation/qemu

Non-root users will need access to use qemu.

   usermod -aG kvm,qemu $USER

Specifying a riscv64 binfmt-misc handler for systemd-binfmt

Option A: Using the default binfmt configuration file shipped with qemu

“For the systemd-binfmt service, add files containing the desired handler registration strings under etc/binfmt.d. Modern versions of qemu ship a binfmt configuration file that supports all binary formats. Simply link it to /etc for binary format support, then skip the following manual file creation steps.” - Gentoo Embedded Handbook

   ln -s /usr/share/qemu/binfmt.d/qemu.conf /etc/binfmt.d/qemu.conf

This supports all default architectures in the default qemu.conf. If you only want to support riscv64, use the instructions below.

Option B: Adding support for just riscv64

   echo -E ':riscv64:M::\x7fELF\x02\x01\x01\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x02\x00\xf3\x00:\xff\xff\xff\xff\xff\xff\xff\x00\xff\xff\xff\xff\xff\xff\xff\xff\xfe\xff\xff\xff:/usr/bin/qemu-riscv64:' > /etc/binfmt.d/qemu-riscv64-static.conf

Now restart the service to register the binary formats:

   systemctl restart systemd-binfmt

See the chroot instructions below

Clone & Build Heart Software Services (HSS)

Clone HSS

   if [ -d ./hart-software-services/ ] ; then
   	rm -rf ./hart-software-services/ || true
   git clone -b ${HSS_BRANCH} ${HSS_REPO} ./hart-software-services/ --depth=${GIT_DEPTH}

Build HSS

   make -C hart-software-services/tools/hss-payload-generator/ clean
   make -C hart-software-services/tools/hss-payload-generator/

Clone & Build u-boot

Clone u-boot

   # remove old if it exists, optional
   if [ -d ./u-boot ] ; then
   	rm -rf ./u-boot || true
   git clone -b ${UBOOT_BRANCH} ${UBOOT_REPO} ./u-boot/ --depth=${GIT_DEPTH}

Download the patches

The patches currently exist as part of BeagleV’s BeagleV-Fire-ubuntu repo, so we’ll just clone the whole thing for now. Eventually, I’ll see if I can mirror just the patches somewhere.

   git clone ./beaglev --depth=${GIT_DEPTH}

WIP Build u-boot

   # Apply patches to uboot
   cp -v ./beaglev/patches/u-boot/beaglev-fire/microchip_mpfs_icicle.h ./u-boot/include/configs/microchip_mpfs_icicle.h
   cp -v ./beaglev/patches/u-boot/beaglev-fire/microchip-mpfs-icicle-kit.dts ./u-boot/arch/riscv/dts/
   cp -v ./beaglev/patches/u-boot/beaglev-fire/microchip_mpfs_icicle_defconfig ./u-boot/configs/microchip_mpfs_icicle_defconfig
   make -C u-boot ARCH=riscv CROSS_COMPILE=${RISCV64_CC} microchip_mpfs_icicle_defconfig
   # if you want to make configurations....
   # make -C u-boot ARCH=riscv CROSS_COMPILE=${RISCV64_CC} menuconfig
   make -C u-boot ARCH=riscv CROSS_COMPILE=${RISCV64_CC} olddefconfig
   make -C u-boot ARCH=riscv CROSS_COMPILE=${RISCV64_CC} savedefconfig
   cp -v ./u-boot/defconfig ./u-boot/configs/microchip_mpfs_icicle_defconfig
   cp -v ./u-boot/defconfig ./beaglev/patches/u-boot/beaglev-fire/microchip_mpfs_icicle_defconfig
   make -C u-boot -j${CORES} ARCH=riscv CROSS_COMPILE=${RISCV_CC} all
   # copy the generated uboot into our boot folder
   cp -v ./u-boot/u-boot.bin ./target/boot/u-boot.bin
   # i have no idea why 2 copies are being made, one u-boot.bin and one src.bin
   cp -v ./u-boot/u-boot.bin ./target/boot/src.bin

TODO Build the Linux kernel

   cd ./beaglev/linux/
   if [ ! -f ./.patched ] ; then
   	if [ -f arch/riscv/configs/mpfs_defconfig ] ; then
   		git am ../patches/linux/0002-PCIe-Change-controller-and-bridge-base-address.patch
   		git am ../patches/linux/0003-GPIO-Add-Microchip-CoreGPIO-driver.patch
   		git am ../patches/linux/0004-ADC-Add-Microchip-MCP356X-driver.patch
   		git am ../patches/linux/0005-Microchip-QSPI-Add-regular-transfers.patch
   		git am ../patches/linux/0006-BeagleV-Fire-Add-printk-to-IM219-driver-for-board-te.patch
   		git am ../patches/linux/0007-MMC-SPI-Hack-to-support-non-DMA-capable-SPI-ctrl.patch
   		git am ../patches/linux/0008-Add-wireless-regdb-regulatory-database-file.patch
   		git am ../patches/linux/0009-Makefile-build-mpfs-beaglev-fire.dtb.patch
   	touch .patched
   if [ -f arch/riscv/configs/mpfs_defconfig ] ; then
   	cp -v ../device-tree/src/microchip/mpfs-beaglev-fire.dts arch/riscv/boot/dts/microchip/
   	cp -v ../device-tree/src/microchip/mpfs-beaglev-fire-fabric.dtsi arch/riscv/boot/dts/microchip/
   echo "make ARCH=riscv CROSS_COMPILE=${RISCV64_CC} clean"
   make ARCH=riscv CROSS_COMPILE=${RISCV64_CC} clean
   if [ -f arch/riscv/configs/mpfs_defconfig ] ; then
   	cp -v ../patches/linux/mpfs_defconfig ./arch/riscv/configs/mpfs_defconfig
   	echo "make ARCH=riscv CROSS_COMPILE=${RISCV64_CC} mpfs_defconfig"
   	make ARCH=riscv CROSS_COMPILE=${RISCV64_CC} mpfs_defconfig
   	./scripts/config --set-str CONFIG_LOCALVERSION "-$(date +%Y%m%d)"
   	./scripts/config --enable CONFIG_CRYPTO_USER_API_HASH
   	./scripts/config --enable CONFIG_CRYPTO_USER_API_SKCIPHER
   	./scripts/config --enable CONFIG_KEY_DH_OPERATIONS
   	./scripts/config --enable CONFIG_CRYPTO_ECB
   	./scripts/config --enable CONFIG_CRYPTO_MD4
   	./scripts/config --enable CONFIG_CRYPTO_MD5
   	./scripts/config --enable CONFIG_CRYPTO_CBC
   	./scripts/config --enable CONFIG_CRYPTO_SHA256
   	./scripts/config --enable CONFIG_CRYPTO_AES
   	./scripts/config --enable CONFIG_CRYPTO_DES
   	./scripts/config --enable CONFIG_CRYPTO_CMAC
   	./scripts/config --enable CONFIG_CRYPTO_HMAC
   	./scripts/config --enable CONFIG_CRYPTO_SHA512
   	./scripts/config --enable CONFIG_CRYPTO_SHA1
   	echo "make -j${CORES} ARCH=riscv CROSS_COMPILE=${RISCV64_CC} olddefconfig"
   	make -j${CORES} ARCH=riscv CROSS_COMPILE=${RISCV64_CC} olddefconfig
   	echo "make ARCH=riscv CROSS_COMPILE=${RISCV64_CC} defconfig"
   	make ARCH=riscv CROSS_COMPILE=${RISCV64_CC} defconfig
   	./scripts/config --enable CONFIG_PCIE_MICROCHIP_HOST
   	./scripts/config --enable CONFIG_OF_OVERLAY
   	./scripts/config --enable CONFIG_I2C
   	./scripts/config --enable CONFIG_EEPROM_AT24
   	./scripts/config --enable CONFIG_I2C_MICROCHIP_CORE
   	./scripts/config --enable CONFIG_SPI_MICROCHIP_CORE
   	./scripts/config --enable CONFIG_SPI_MICROCHIP_CORE_QSPI
   	./scripts/config --module CONFIG_SPI_SPIDEV
   	./scripts/config --enable CONFIG_GPIO_SYSFS
   	./scripts/config --enable CONFIG_HW_RANDOM_POLARFIRE_SOC
   	./scripts/config --enable CONFIG_USB_MUSB_HDRC
   	./scripts/config --enable CONFIG_NOP_USB_XCEIV
   	./scripts/config --enable CONFIG_USB_MUSB_POLARFIRE_SOC
   	./scripts/config --enable CONFIG_USB_MUSB_DUAL_ROLE
   	./scripts/config --enable CONFIG_MAILBOX
   	./scripts/config --enable CONFIG_POLARFIRE_SOC_MAILBOX
   	./scripts/config --disable CONFIG_SUN6I_MSGBOX
   	./scripts/config --enable CONFIG_REMOTEPROC
   	./scripts/config --enable CONFIG_REMOTEPROC_CDEV
   	./scripts/config --enable CONFIG_POLARFIRE_SOC_SYS_CTRL
   	./scripts/config --enable CONFIG_USB_GADGET
   	./scripts/config --enable CONFIG_USB_CONFIGFS
   	./scripts/config --enable CONFIG_CONFIGFS_FS
   	./scripts/config --enable CONFIG_USB_CONFIGFS_SERIAL
   	./scripts/config --enable CONFIG_USB_CONFIGFS_ACM
   	./scripts/config --enable CONFIG_USB_CONFIGFS_OBEX
   	./scripts/config --enable CONFIG_USB_CONFIGFS_NCM
   	./scripts/config --enable CONFIG_USB_CONFIGFS_ECM
   	./scripts/config --enable CONFIG_USB_CONFIGFS_ECM_SUBSET
   	./scripts/config --enable CONFIG_USB_CONFIGFS_RNDIS
   	./scripts/config --enable CONFIG_USB_CONFIGFS_EEM
   	./scripts/config --enable CONFIG_USB_CONFIGFS_PHONET
   	./scripts/config --enable CONFIG_USB_CONFIGFS_MASS_STORAGE
   	./scripts/config --enable CONFIG_USB_CONFIGFS_F_LB_SS
   	./scripts/config --enable CONFIG_USB_CONFIGFS_F_FS
   	./scripts/config --enable CONFIG_USB_CONFIGFS_F_UAC1
   	./scripts/config --enable CONFIG_USB_CONFIGFS_F_UAC2
   	./scripts/config --enable CONFIG_USB_CONFIGFS_F_MIDI
   	./scripts/config --enable CONFIG_USB_CONFIGFS_F_HID
   	./scripts/config --enable CONFIG_USB_CONFIGFS_F_UVC
   	./scripts/config --enable CONFIG_USB_CONFIGFS_F_PRINTER
   	./scripts/config --module CONFIG_MEDIA_SUPPORT
   	./scripts/config --enable CONFIG_MEDIA_SUPPORT_FILTER
   	./scripts/config --enable CONFIG_MEDIA_SUBDRV_AUTOSELECT
   	./scripts/config --enable CONFIG_MEDIA_CAMERA_SUPPORT
   	./scripts/config --module CONFIG_VIDEO_IMX219
   	./scripts/config --module CONFIG_IIO
   	#Cleanup large DRM...
   	./scripts/config --disable CONFIG_DRM
   	./scripts/config --disable CONFIG_DRM_RADEON
   	./scripts/config --disable CONFIG_DRM_NOUVEAU
   	./scripts/config --disable CONFIG_DRM_SUN4I
   	./scripts/config --enable CONFIG_IP_NF_IPTABLES
   	./scripts/config --enable CONFIG_NETFILTER_XTABLES
   	./scripts/config --enable CONFIG_NLS_ISO8859_1
   	./scripts/config --enable CONFIG_BLK_DEV_DM
   	./scripts/config --set-str CONFIG_LOCALVERSION "-$(date +%Y%m%d)"
   	echo "make -j${CORES} ARCH=riscv CROSS_COMPILE=${RISCV64_CC} olddefconfig"
   	make -j${CORES} ARCH=riscv CROSS_COMPILE=${RISCV64_CC} olddefconfig
   echo "make -j${CORES} ARCH=riscv CROSS_COMPILE=${RISCV64_CC} Image modules dtbs"
   make -j${CORES} ARCH=riscv CROSS_COMPILE="ccache ${RISCV64_CC}" Image modules dtbs
   if [ ! -f ./arch/riscv/boot/Image ] ; then
   	echo "Build Failed"
   	exit 2
   KERNEL_UTS=$(cat "${PROJECT_ROOT}/linux/include/generated/utsrelease.h" | awk '{print $3}' | sed 's/\"//g' )
   if [ -d "${PROJECT_ROOT}/deploy/tmp/" ] ; then
   	rm -rf "${PROJECT_ROOT}/deploy/tmp/"
   mkdir -p "${PROJECT_ROOT}/deploy/tmp/"
   make -s ARCH=riscv CROSS_COMPILE=${RISCV64_CC} modules_install INSTALL_MOD_PATH="${PROJECT_ROOT}/deploy/tmp"
   if [ -f "${PROJECT_ROOT}/deploy/${KERNEL_UTS}-modules.tar.gz" ] ; then
   	rm -rf "${PROJECT_ROOT}/deploy/${KERNEL_UTS}-modules.tar.gz" || true
   echo "Compressing ${KERNEL_UTS}-modules.tar.gz..."
   echo "${KERNEL_UTS}" > "${PROJECT_ROOT}/deploy/.modules"
   cd "${PROJECT_ROOT}/deploy/tmp" || true
   tar --create --gzip --file "../${KERNEL_UTS}-modules.tar.gz" ./*
   cd "${PROJECT_ROOT}/linux/" || exit
   rm -rf "${PROJECT_ROOT}/deploy/tmp" || true
   if [ -f arch/riscv/configs/mpfs_defconfig ] ; then
   	cp -v ./.config ../patches/linux/mpfs_defconfig
   	cp -v ./arch/riscv/boot/dts/microchip/mpfs-beaglev-fire.dts ../patches/linux/dts/mpfs-beaglev-fire.dts
   	cp -v ./arch/riscv/boot/dts/microchip/mpfs-beaglev-fire-fabric.dtsi ../patches/linux/dts/mpfs-beaglev-fire-fabric.dtsi
   	cp -v ./.config ../patches/linux/mainline/defconfig
   	cp -v ./arch/riscv/boot/dts/microchip/mpfs-beaglev-fire.dts ../patches/linux/mainline/dts/mpfs-beaglev-fire.dts
   	cp -v ./arch/riscv/boot/dts/microchip/mpfs-beaglev-fire-fabric.dtsi ../patches/linux/mainline/dts/mpfs-beaglev-fire-fabric.dtsi
   if [ ! -d ../deploy/input/ ] ; then
   	mkdir -p ../deploy/input/ || true
   cp -v ./arch/riscv/boot/Image ../deploy/input/
   cp -v ./arch/riscv/boot/dts/microchip/mpfs-beaglev-fire.dtb ../deploy/input/
   cd ../
   cp -v ./patches/linux/beaglev_fire.its ./deploy/input/
   cd ./deploy/input/
   gzip -9 Image -c > Image.gz
   if [ -f ../../u-boot/tools/mkimage ] ; then
   	../../u-boot/tools/mkimage -f beaglev_fire.its beaglev_fire.itb

WIP Generate the HSS payload

   cd ./deploy/
   if [ -f ./src.bin ] ; then
   	if [ ! -d ./input/ ] ; then
   		mkdir ./input/
   	if [ -f ./input/payload.bin ] ; then
   		rm -rf ./input/payload.bin || true
   	./hss-payload-generator -vv -c config.yaml ./input/payload.bin
   	unset test_var
   	test_var=$(strings ./u-boot.bin | grep 'U-Boot 20' | head -n1 || true)
   	if [ ! "x${test_var}" = "x" ] ; then
   		echo "[u-boot.bin: ${test_var}]"
   	unset test_var
   	test_var=$(strings ./src.bin | grep 'U-Boot 20' | head -n1 || true)
   	if [ ! "x${test_var}" = "x" ] ; then
   		echo "[src.bin:    ${test_var}]"
   	unset test_var
   	test_var=$(strings ./input/payload.bin | grep 'U-Boot 20' | head -n1 || true)
   	if [ ! "x${test_var}" = "x" ] ; then
   		echo "[payload.bin:${test_var}]"

WIP Installing the RootFS

Download and installing a stage tarball

This guide uses the systemd-mergedusr profile by default. Other profiles have not been tested.

   wget --directory-prefix=./download
   tar xpvf ./download/stage3-*.tar.xz --xattrs-include='*.*' --numeric-owner -C ./target/rootfs/

Emerge the base system

   riscv64-unknown-linux-gnu-emerge -va1 @system --keep-going

Customize & configure the rootfs

Prepare to chroot

   cd target
   mount --bind rootfs rootfs
   cd rootfs
   ROOT=$PWD emerge --usepkgonly --oneshot --nodeps qemu
   mount --bind /proc proc
   mount --bind /sys sys
   mount --bind /dev/pts dev/pts
   mkdir -p var/db/repos/gentoo
   mount --bind -o ro /var/db/repos/gentoo var/db/repos/gentoo
   mkdir -p usr/src/linux
   mount --bind -o ro linux usr/src/linux

Chroot into the target

   chroot $PWD /bin/bash
   source /etc/profile
   export PS1="(chroot) ${PS1}"