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pip is Python's package management system. It references packages available in the official Python Package Index (PyPI).

Running pip as root is not advised. It can render important system tools like emerge useless.[1]



Install dev-python/pip:

root #emerge --ask dev-python/pip


In order for pip to operate correctly when installing new packages an active internet connection is a requirement.


user $pip --help
  pip <command> [options]

  install                     Install packages.
  download                    Download packages.
  uninstall                   Uninstall packages.
  freeze                      Output installed packages in requirements format.
  list                        List installed packages.
  show                        Show information about installed packages.
  check                       Verify installed packages have compatible dependencies.
  config                      Manage local and global configuration.
  search                      Search PyPI for packages.
  cache                       Inspect and manage pip's wheel cache.
  wheel                       Build wheels from your requirements.
  hash                        Compute hashes of package archives.
  completion                  A helper command used for command completion.
  debug                       Show information useful for debugging.
  help                        Show help for commands.

General Options:
  -h, --help                  Show help.
  --isolated                  Run pip in an isolated mode, ignoring environment variables and user configuration.
  -v, --verbose               Give more output. Option is additive, and can be used up to 3 times.
  -V, --version               Show version and exit.
  -q, --quiet                 Give less output. Option is additive, and can be used up to 3 times (corresponding to WARNING, ERROR, and CRITICAL logging levels).
  --log <path>                Path to a verbose appending log.
  --proxy <proxy>             Specify a proxy in the form [user:passwd@]proxy.server:port.
  --retries <retries>         Maximum number of retries each connection should attempt (default 5 times).
  --timeout <sec>             Set the socket timeout (default 15 seconds).
  --exists-action <action>    Default action when a path already exists: (s)witch, (i)gnore, (w)ipe, (b)ackup, (a)bort.
  --trusted-host <hostname>   Mark this host or host:port pair as trusted, even though it does not have valid or any HTTPS.
  --cert <path>               Path to alternate CA bundle.
  --client-cert <path>        Path to SSL client certificate, a single file containing the private key and the certificate in PEM format.
  --cache-dir <dir>           Store the cache data in <dir>.
  --no-cache-dir              Disable the cache.
                              Don't periodically check PyPI to determine whether a new version of pip is available for download. Implied with --no-index.
  --no-color                  Suppress colored output
                              Silence deprecation warnings for upcoming unsupported Pythons.

Package installation

pip should not be used for package installation outside of a virtual environment. Doing so can break parts of the local Python installation. Even using pip install with the --user parameter can break things, as packages installed in this way will still be included in sys.path. Accordingly, pip will print an error message if called outside of a virtual environment. See PEP 688 and externally managed environments for details.
It is important to understand that packages installed using pip will not be tracked by Portage, which can lead to conflicts.

To install package using the pip command, first create and activate a virtual environment:

user $python -m venv /path/to/venv
user $. /path/to/venv/bin/activate

Then install into the virtual environment:

user $pip install <package>

To exit the virtual environment, run:

user $deactivate

The virtual environment is not deleted, and can be re-entered by re-sourcing the activate file (with the command beginning with the period).


Again, this should probably only ever be used in a virtual environment.

To remove a package using pip:

user $pip uninstall <package>

See also

External resources