Gentoo Linux is a Unix-like operating system known for its flexibility and performance. It is designed to be customized and optimized for the specific hardware on which it is installed and the intended use-case for the hardware. Gentoo uses a unique package management system called Portage, which compiles software from source code for the user's machine.
Gentoo is often considered a metadistribution due to its approach to package management and system configuration. It provides users with a high degree of control and flexibility, allowing them to tailor the distribution to their specific requirements.
Gentoo Linux was officially announced by Daniel Robbins in 2002, aiming to create a distribution that allows users to have full control over their system. It is inspired by the principles of FreeBSD ports and has a focus on customization.
- Portage: The Portage package management system is central to Gentoo. It allows users to compile software packages directly from source, enabling customization and optimization.
- USE flags: Gentoo's USE flags system allows users to enable or disable specific features for each software package, providing fine-grained control over the installed software.
- Rolling release: Gentoo follows a rolling release model, meaning that software updates are continuously integrated, providing users with the latest features and security fixes.
The installation process is documented in the Gentoo Handbook, which provides step-by-step instructions for installing and configuring the system.
Community and Support
The Gentoo community is known for its active and helpful user base. Support is provided through forums, mailing lists, and an official IRC channel.