User:NeddySeagoon/YeOldeGentoo 2021 Edition
Ye Olde Gentoo 2021 Edition
Round about 2013, I wrote a page on installing Gentoo using a static /dev. I was going to update the original page but a lot has changed so its probably easier to start again. The old page is still valid if you want to install on hardware from 2013.
What You Get
A modern Gentoo base system but without all the bells and whistles added in recent years. Ye Olde Gentoo is more about what you don't get. You do not get:
udev - instead a static dev is used systemd - why would you want it anyway pulseaudio - I've not known this to actually add anything hotplug support auto mounting of any sort - use mount by label auto module loading device detection in Xorg
Separate /usr just works but its not essential. Root in Logical Volume Manager (LVM) on NVMe without an initrd. It works but its risky due to kernel dynamic assignment of some device major numbers.
The install will use root in LVM on NVMe, with separate /usr and /var. /home, $DISTDIR and $PKGDIR will be in LVM on rotating rust RAID as Conventional Magnetic Recording (CMR) drives are quite good at sequential access of large files.
If you choose to use raid take care not to select Shingled Magnetic Recording (SMR) drives as they are not suited to use in raid sets.
We will use syslinux as a boot loader rather than grub2.
The steps include:
- Partition the target drive following the handbook.
- Install the stage3 tarball.
- Install the portage snapshot.
- Set up package.mask to keep out unwanted junk.
- Set up global USE flags to be consistent with package.mask.
- Follow the handbook to install cron, a logger and a bootloader of choice.
- Install a kernel.
- Configure the syslinux bootloader.
- Review and edit configuration settings.
- Reboot to test.
Partitioning and Filesystem Creation
Follow the Gentoo Handbook up to and including making the filesystems and mounting all the bits at the /mnt/gentoo directory.
I will be using Logical Volumes on top of Conventional Magnetic Recording (CMR) raid for /home, /var/cache/distfiles and /var/cache/binpkgs, mostly because my /home won't fit on NVMe. Everything else is LVM on NVMe.
df -hT Filesystem Type Size Used Avail Use% Mounted on /dev/root ext4 2.0G 1014M 815M 56% / tmpfs tmpfs 13G 196K 13G 1% /run shm tmpfs 63G 996K 63G 1% /dev/shm cgroup_root tmpfs 10M 0 10M 0% /sys/fs/cgroup tmpfs tmpfs 63G 84K 63G 1% /tmp /dev/mapper/nvmestatic-usr ext4 295G 19G 261G 7% /usr /dev/mapper/nvmestatic-var ext4 5.9G 1.5G 4.2G 26% /var /dev/mapper/storage-home ext4 2.0T 1.4T 567G 71% /home /dev/mapper/nvmestatic-opt ext4 2.9G 358M 2.4G 13% /opt /dev/mapper/nvmestatic-local ext4 926M 40K 859M 1% /usr/local /dev/mapper/storage-distfiles ext4 492G 278G 189G 60% /var/cache/distfiles /dev/mapper/storage-packages ext4 118G 24K 112G 1% /var/cache/packages /dev/mapper/nvmestatic-portage ext4 2.9G 668M 2.0G 25% /var/db/repos/gentoo /dev/shm tmpfs 63G 0 63G 0% /var/tmp/portage /dev/nvme0n1p2 ext4 117M 104K 109M 1% /boot /dev/nvme0n1p1 vfat 61M 27M 34M 44% /boot/EFI
Fetch and install the stage3 as per the handbook.
/proc, /sys and /dev
Follow the handbook for /proc and /sys. /dev is quite different to the handbook. Its going to be static.
/mnt/gentoo/dev. It contains the static /dev delivered by the stage3. Notice all the old floppy device nodes, the IDE devices nodes and lots of things that can't be connected to modern hardware. Remove it all.
rm -rf /mnt/gentoo/dev
Replace it with just the nodes we need right now.
cp -a /dev/* /mnt/gentoo/dev
More nodes can be made as required with mknod, or with MAKEDEV (yes its uppercase).
Other /dev Entries
The kernel will show all the devices it knows about in /sys/dev/... That's cheating really as in the good? olde days, /sys did not exist.
Its not an error to have things listed there that are not in /dev, nor vice versa. It's the users task to ensure the major:minor device numbers in /dev match the kernels expectations. DEVTMPFS won't do it for you. Its the users task to set the permissions too. udev won't do it.
Getting Into the chroot
This is conventional handbook. Including fetching and updating the portage snapshot. Do not rebuild or install anything yet.
We have a stage3 tarball with a static /dev. The stage3 still has a lot of undesirable packages installed
Configuring For a Static /dev
I should really make a /no-multilib/static-dev profile and add it to my overlay
#INPUT_DEVICES="mouse keyboard" # no longer needed unless you drop udev, and dropped from portage too :( # Must turn other INPUT_DEVICES off or they want udev .." INPUT_DEVICES="" VIDEO_CARDS="fbdev vesa nv nouveau amdgpu radeonsi"
x11-drivers/xf86-input-mouse and x11-drivers/xf86-input-keyboard have both been removed from portage. The git HEAD for xf86-input-keyboard has had Linux support removed, so don't use HEAD.
x11-base/xorg-server needs to be built with USE=suid in the time honoured way. Do NOT put USE=suid in make.conf. Its an option to set per package.
x11-drivers/xf86-video-nouveau as shipped in ::gentoo has a hard dependency on udev in the ebuild. That can be hidden behind a udev USE flag. That allows it to build, but I no longer have any nVidia hardware, so its not run time tested.
# No automatic hand holding consolekit policykit pulseaudio # Can't use systemd with a static dev as it forces udev systemd # Can't use udev or clones with a static dev. udev elogind # More unsavoury optional black magic udisks upower upnp zeroconf
Add more to suit your taste.
# an over my dead body hard mask # dump GNOME and anything else that has this as a hard dependency at any version sys-apps/systemd # go back to a static /dev sys-fs/eudev sys-fs/udev sys-auth/polkit sys-auth/consolekit media-sound/pulseaudio net-dns/avahi
Add more to suit your taste.
Create the file /etc/portage/sets/system-groups with the following content.
# groups needed for a static /dev # to operate properly acct-group/render acct-group/audio acct-group/disk acct-group/video acct-group/input acct-group/cdrom acct-group/dialout acct-group/tty
These are the acct-group files that will be --depcleaned if they are not kept. Everyone needs some of them. Add @system-groups to the world file.