Suspend and hibernate
This article describes how to suspend or hibernate a Gentoo system.
- 1 Installation
- 2 Available suspend modes
- 3 Suspend to RAM
- 4 Suspend to disk
- 5 Troubleshooting
- 6 See also
- 7 External resources
- 8 References
Make sure support for suspend and hibernation has been activated (CONFIG_SUSPEND) and (CONFIG_HIBERNATION):
Power management and ACPI options ---> [*] Suspend to RAM and standby [*] Hibernation (aka 'suspend to disk')
The following software can be used for in-kernel default suspend/hibernate implementation, namely, swsusp.
emerge --ask sys-power/suspend
Another alternative is sys-power/hibernate-script which can be used with swsusp.
Optional: Install upower and consolekit
There has been no activity in the ConsoleKit repository since 2017 and elogind is the recommended replacement.
emerge --ask sys-power/upower
echo "sys-auth/consolekit pm-utils" >> /etc/portage/package.use
emerge --ask --oneshot sys-auth/consolekit
Deploying elogind instead of ConsoleKit
You must make sure sys-auth/consolekit is not installed. It is not sufficient just to remove it from any runlevel, because D-Bus will launch ConsoleKit even if it has not been added to any runlevel.
emerge --ask --oneshot sys-auth/elogind
The elogind equivalents for the pm-utils commands pm-suspend, pm-hibernate and pm-suspend-hybrid are as follows, and can be launched as root user or from a user account:
When using elogind instead of ConsoleKit, copy any suspend/resume and hibernate/thaw hook scripts from the directory /etc/pm/sleep.d/ to the directory /lib64/elogind/system-sleep/ and modify them to cater for the new $1 ('pre' or 'post') and $2 ('suspend', 'hibernate', or 'hybrid-sleep'). For example, in the case of elogind a hook script could have the following format:
#!/bin/bash case $1/$2 in pre/*) # Put here any commands you want to be run when suspending or hibernating. ;; post/*) # Put here any commands you want to be run when resuming from suspension or thawing from hibernation. ;; esac
Available suspend modes
To see available suspend modes use
for swsusp, default implementation.
Those two file will list at least ACPI S2/4 power down methods on modern hardware. New hardware would also support S5 method which is a rough S4 method. ACPI S2 correspond to suspend to ram (ram method in swsusp terms and 3 in ToI terms); S4 hibernation to disk (disk in swsusp terms and 4 in ToI terms; S5 hibernation to disk (5 in ToI terms).
Swsusp users can choose between platfom, meaning ACPI, or shutdown methods which can be echo-ed to /sys/power/disk sysfs file.
Suspend to RAM
Preferred commands to suspend are:
For suspend (to ram) for hibernate-script users:
to hibernate (to disk.)
A more raw method is to
echo mem > /sys/power/state
Suspend to disk
If you are using genkernel initramfs, you may experience bug #156445 which makes it impossible to resume after suspend-to-disk. There is a number of ways to avoid it, from editing initramfs (e.g. as described here) to dropping genkernel completely. sys-kernel/genkernel-next works just fine.
For suspend to disk to operate a swap partition or swap file must exist.
The swap file should be active beforehand and should be echoed on the appropriate file before any attempt to suspend/hibernate.
echo /dev/sda1 > /sys/power/resume
A more raw method is to:
echo disk > /sys/power/state
Do not forget to probe:
before issuing an actual command and append the result to kernel command line argument prepended with `resume='. This will suffice to resume from a block device or swap file for ToI. However, it's more complicated for a swapfile with swsusp.
Suspend to disk with sys-power/pm-utils
Yet another way to achieve disk hibernation is to use hibernate to swap partition and pm-utils.
First, make sure a swap partition has been set:
For this example, we will assume it's
/etc/default/grub and append the resume kernel option to
GRUB_CMDLINE_LINUX_DEFAULT pointing to the swap partition.
Rebuild the GRUB config:
grub-mkconfig -o /boot/grub/grub.cfg
genkernel --install initramfs
Add the following to /etc/pm/config.d/gentoo (see bug 338239):
Reboot the system:
Suspend to disk with sys-auth/elogind
First, make sure a swap partition has been set, grub.cfg rebuilt and the initramfs (if any) updated as shown above.
Reboot the system:
Suspend to disk with swapfile
You can use suspend to disk with a swapfile. When you have a functional swapfile you need to configure kernel parameters (via GRUB, etc.).
First find UUID of device where your swapfile resides. For example: /dev/sda1.
If swapfile resides in a LVM volume, GRUB must be compiled with LVM support. Otherwise, the system will not wake up and will be cold started.
Find offset of swapfile on given partition using
swap-offset utility from sys-power/suspend:
After that edit GRUB config and add required parameters to boot string:
Rebuild GRUB config:
grub-mkconfig -o /boot/grub/grub.cfg
Reboot the system and check used kernel parameters:
It should now be possible to hibernate the system.
Remember, swap file must contain all memory used by running processes and memory based filesystems like tmpfs or zram prior to hibernating. However, unless specifically set, the hibernation image is compressed. Setting hibernation image size to half of the amount of installed RAM is a safe value in most cases. One of the cases where this does not fully apply is when the system has a high usage of zswap which means that memory may already be compressed.
If troubleshooting suspend the powersave log might be useful:
Also classic kernel buffer comes handy:
Can not resume after suspend
In case resuming from suspend does not work, disable the security chip setting in BIOS/UEFI and try again.
Make sure you change the /etc/pm/config.d/gentoo file as described above.
- Power management/Guide — covers the configuration of a Gentoo system to manage power-hungry resources in a flexible-yet-automated manner.
- Custom Initramfs/Hibernation — describes how to enable hibernation with a custom initramfs.
- Suspend and hibernate on wiki.archlinux.org
- tuxonice-sources has been last-rited, see bug #627924.
- Linux kernel documentation - swsusp.txt, or the usual location of /usr/src/linux/Documentation/power/swsusp.txt
- Gentoo Forums: Suspend and Hibernate with UEFI