Compared to standard email server configurations, it intercepts mail before it hits the MTA for queuing, is capable of querying RBLs and verifying sender IP addresses versus SMTP
HELO/EHLO-claimed identities versus
MAIL FROM (sender) addresses and generating a weighted email HAM vs. SPAM (ie. legitimacy) score. You can set a threshold value beneath which mail is rejected, thereby saving CPU time and resources. You can see a diagram of the approach at the policyd-weight website.
emerge --ask mail-filter/policyd-weight
Further configuration is necessary.