lighttpd/zh-cn

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This page is a translated version of the page Lighttpd and the translation is 44% complete.
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Warning: Display title "lighttpd/zh-cn" overrides earlier display title "Lighttpd".

Resources

lighttpd is a fast and lightweight web server.

安装

USE 标记

USE flags for www-servers/lighttpd Lightweight high-performance web server

brotli Enable output compression via app-arch/brotli (recommended)
dbi Enable dev-db/libdbi (database-independent abstraction layer) support
gnutls Build module for TLS via net-libs/gnutls
kerberos Add kerberos support
ldap Add LDAP support (Lightweight Directory Access Protocol)
lua Enable Lua scripting support
maxminddb Add support for geolocation using dev-libs/libmaxminddb
mbedtls Build module for TLS via net-libs/mbedtls
mmap Use mmap when sendfile is not available
mysql Add mySQL Database support
nettle Use dev-libs/nettle as crypto backend
nss Build module for TLS via Mozilla's Network Security Services
pcre Add support for Perl Compatible Regular Expressions
php Include support for the PHP language
postgres Add support for the postgresql database
rrdtool Enable rrdtool support via mod_rrdtool
sasl Add support for the Simple Authentication and Security Layer
selinux !!internal use only!! Security Enhanced Linux support, this must be set by the selinux profile or breakage will occur
sqlite Add support for sqliteembedded sql database
ssl Add support for SSL/TLS connections (Secure Socket Layer / Transport Layer Security)
system-xxhash Use system provided dev-libs/xxhash
test Enable dependencies and/or preparations necessary to run tests (usually controlled by FEATURES=test but can be toggled independently)
unwind Add support for call stack unwinding and function name resolution
webdav Enable webdav properties
xattr Add support for extended attributes (filesystem-stored metadata)
zlib Enable output compression via gzip or deflate algorithms from sys-libs/zlib
zstd Enable output compression via Zstandard (app-arch/zstd) algorithm

Emerge

安装 www-servers/lighttpd

root #emerge --ask www-servers/lighttpd

配置

The lighttpd configuration is handled by /etc/lighttpd/lighttpd.conf. The first example shows a single-site access, with SSL and no dynamic capabilities (such as PHP).

FILE /etc/lighttpd/lighttpd.confExample 1
$SERVER["socket"] == "192.0.2.10:443" {
  server.name = "www.genfic.com"
  server.document-root = "/var/www/www.genfic.com/"
  server.errorlog = "/var/log/lighttpd/http_error.log"
  accesslog.filename = "/var/log/lighttpd/http_access.log"
  ## SSL Configuration
  ssl.engine = "enable"
  ssl.pemfile = "/etc/ssl/lighttpd-ssl.pem"
  ssl.ca-file = "/etc/ssl/certs/ca-certificate.crt"
  # SSL options
  ssl.use-sslv2 = "disable"
  ssl.cipher-list = "TLSv1+HIGH !SSLv2 RC4+MEDIUM !aNULL !eNULL !3DES @STRENGTH"
}

To enable additional functionalities configure needed modules in /etc/lighttpd/lighttpd.conf. For instance, to enable PHP using the FastCGI processor:

FILE /etc/lighttpd/lighttpd.confExample 2 - Enabling PHP support
...
include "mod_fastcgi.conf"
...

IP access lists

This third example shows how to allow access to a particular site /server-status only to certain IP addresses. To allow using service status on the 198.51.100.1 and 127.0.0.1 addresses, set the following lines in the lighttpd.conf file:

FILE /etc/lighttpd/lighttpd.confExample 3 - Enabling and configuring an IP access lists for /server-status page
# enable access module
server.modules = {
  ...
  "mod_access",
}
...
# enable server-status page globally
status.status-url  = "/server-status"

...
# restrict access to server-status to listed IP hosts
$HTTP["remoteip"] !~ "198.51.100.1|127.0.0.1" {
      url.access-deny = ( "/server-status" )
}

Start up

In order for the lighttpd service to start automatically it must be properly added to the init handler program. Gentoo has two main init handler programs: OpenRC and systemd.

OpenRC

With OpenRC use the rc-update command:

root #rc-update add lighttpd default

systemd

With systemd use the systemctl command:

root #systemctl enable lighttpd.service

故障排除

Verifying /etc/lighttpd/lighttpd.conf configuration file with lighttpd-angel, it will return the exit code 0, if everything is configured properly:

root #lighttpd-angel -t -f /etc/lighttpd/lighttpd.conf
Syntax OK
lighttpd-angel.c.140: child (pid=32491) exited normally with exitcode: 0

If the configuration file has errors, it will print it to stdout, like in the example below:

root #lighttpd-angel -t -f /etc/lighttpd/lighttpd.conf
2012-09-02 12:52:08: (plugin.c.131) Cannot load plugin mod_fastcgi more than once, please fix your config
2012-09-02 12:52:08: (network.c.379) can't bind to port: 192.168.0.1 80 Address already in use 
lighttpd-angel.c.140: child (pid=32139) exited normally with exitcode: 255

另请参阅

  • Apache — 一个高效的可扩展的web 服务器。 它是当前因特网上使用最为普遍的 web 服务器之一。
  • Nginx — 一个稳定、轻量、高性能的 web 服务器以及反向代理服务器。

External resources