Firejail (sys-apps/firejail, sys-apps/firejail-lts) is a SUID sandboxing program that reduces the risk of security breaches by restricting the running environment of untrusted applications using Linux namespaces and seccomp-bpf.The software includes security profiles for a large number of Linux programs: Mozilla Firefox, Chromium, VLC, Transmission etc.
- 1 Installation
- 2 Configuration
- 3 Usage
- 4 Troubleshooting
- 5 External resources
x11 USE flag sandbox replaces the regular X11 server with Xpra or Xephyr server. This prevents X11 keyboard loggers and screenshot utilities from accessing the main X11 server but introduces a lot of additional dependencies.
emerge --ask sys-apps/firejail
Alternatively (sys-apps/firejail-lts) can be used.
Firejail comes with numerous default profiles for many popular applications located in /etc/firejail/. In many cases the default profile configuration is sufficient. In addition to configuring a profile users may wish to set up a shortcut to enable firejail to be run by default for their selected application.
The list of preconfigured profiles is available in /etc/firejail/.
If you wish to make customizations for an existing profile simply copy it to your home directory and edit as necessary:
cp /etc/firejail/firefox.profile ~/.config/firejail/firefox.profile
To make a profile for an application without a preconfigured profile you can use the default profile as a basis:
cp /etc/firejail/default.profile ~/.config/firejail/app-name.profile
Here are some example options you may wish to include in a custom profile:
whitelist ~/pictures/ whitelist ~/share/ read-only ~/share/ whitelist ~/dev/WebExtensions/ read-only ~/dev/WebExtensions/ whitelist ~/.cache/fish/ blacklist /mnt blacklist /opt
Using Firejail by default
A symbolic link to /usr/bin/firejail under the name of a program, will start the program in Firejail sandbox. A good place is /usr/local/bin directory. For example to run firefox with firejail by default:
ln -s /usr/bin/firejail /usr/local/bin/firefox
This works for clicking on desktop environment icons, menus etc. Use firejail --tree to verify the program is sandboxed.
23615:gentoouser:firejail /usr/bin/firefox 23616:gentoouser:firejail /usr/bin/firefox 23618:gentoouser:/usr/bin/firefox
Alternatively you can create the following file instead and make it executable:
#!/bin/bash firejail /usr/bin/firefox $@
This method allows command line options to be passed to firejail. Remember to make it executable with chmod +x /usr/local/bin/firefox.
System-wide configuration is set in /etc/firejail/firejail.config. If you have executables in /usr/local/bin corresponding to one of your firejailed applications combined with the
private-bin profile option then make sure
private-bin-no-local is set to
# Remove /usr/local directories from private-bin list, default disabled. private-bin-no-local yes
Optionally you can enable user namespaces in the kernel so they can be utilized by firejail:
General setup ---> Namespaces support ---> <*> User namespace
Usage is simple as:
Private mode can be used as a quick way of hiding all the files in your home directory from sandboxed programs. It is enabled using
–private command line option:
firejail --private firefox
firejail comes with a tool firemon which can be used to help with troubleshooting. To use it run firemon as root then in a separate terminal start the application you wish to troubleshoot with firejail application.
not all executables from --private-bin list were found.
Either disable the
private-bin option in your application profile or ensure
private-bin-no-local yes is set in /etc/firejail/firejail.config.
user namespaces not available in the current kernel.
Make sure user namespaces are set in the kernel.