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ed (pronounced E.D.) is a line-based text editor with support for regular expressions.
ed is one of the oldest text editors that still sees use today, and has its place deep in the history of UNIX(like) operating systems. The line-based nature of ed is a result of the fact that it was written at a time when teletype machines were the common user interface of the day, and CRT monitors — then often called "glass teletypes" — were rare and expensive.
ed inspired the clone ex, which served as the basis for vi. vi still has an ex mode, analogous to ed.
In current practice it is uncommon to use ed interactively, but it sees occasional use as an embedded means to automate edits to files from within a shell script.
emerge --ask sys-apps/ed
- ./ed.hup or $HOME/ed.hup - where ed dumps the current write buffer if the terminal hangs up unexpectedly.
GNU ed is a line-oriented text editor. It is used to create, display, modify and otherwise manipulate text files, both interactively and via shell scripts. A restricted version of ed, red, can only edit files in the current directory and cannot execute shell commands. Ed is the 'standard' text editor in the sense that it is the original editor for Unix, and thus widely available. For most purposes, however, it is superseded by full-screen editors such as GNU Emacs or GNU Moe. Usage: ed [options] [file] Options: -h, --help display this help and exit -V, --version output version information and exit -E, --extended-regexp use extended regular expressions -G, --traditional run in compatibility mode -l, --loose-exit-status exit with 0 status even if a command fails -p, --prompt=STRING use STRING as an interactive prompt -r, --restricted run in restricted mode -s, --quiet, --silent suppress diagnostics, byte counts and '!' prompt -v, --verbose be verbose; equivalent to the 'H' command Start edit by reading in 'file' if given. If 'file' begins with a '!', read output of shell command. Exit status: 0 for a normal exit, 1 for environmental problems (file not found, invalid flags, I/O errors, etc), 2 to indicate a corrupt or invalid input file, 3 for an internal consistency error (eg, bug) which caused ed to panic. Report bugs to email@example.com Ed home page: http://www.gnu.org/software/ed/ed.html General help using GNU software: http://www.gnu.org/gethelp
emerge --ask --depclean --verbose sys-apps/ed
- sed — a program that uses regular expressions to programmatically modify streams of text
- grep — a tool for searching text files with regular expressions
- awk — a scripting language for data extraction
- Perl — a general purpose interpreted programming language with a powerful regular expression engine.
- Raku — a high-level, general-purpose, and gradually typed programming language with low boilerplate objects, optionally immutable data structures, and an advanced macro system.