DRBD

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DRBD (or Distributed Replicated Block Device) is a network block device that provides reliability when storing data across multiple network nodes.

From the kernel documentation:

DRBD is a shared-nothing, synchronously replicated block device. It is designed to serve as a building block for high availability clusters and in this context, is a "drop-in" replacement for shared storage. Simplistically, you could see it as a network RAID 1.

Requirements

KERNEL Enable CONFIG_BLK_DEV_DRBD in your kernel
Device Drivers --->  Block devices --->
<*>   DRBD Distributed Replicated Block Device support

USE flags

USE flags for sys-cluster/drbd mirror/replicate block-devices across a network-connection

heartbeat Enable Heartbeat integration local
pacemaker Enable Pacemaker integration local
udev Enable virtual/udev integration (device discovery, power and storage device support, etc) global
xen Enable Xen integration local

Emerge

Install sys-cluster/drbd:

root #emerge --ask sys-cluster/drbd

This package installs the userland utilities to interact with, and control DRBD. Also known as drbdsetup and drbdadm.

Errors

"ERROR: unknown cs for drbd0 : BrokenPipe, Update/DUnknown"

This error means connection state has a problem, link needs fixing, or drbd version updating. Upstream states "we had some issues with discarding the first successful connection and getting in a connect/brokenpipe loop."

Run this command to extract useful information.

root #cat /proc/drbd

External resources