Asus Eee PC 1000H

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Hardware Specs

  • Intel Atom N270 (with turbo up to 1.8GHz using the eeepc_laptop driver)
  • 10.1" LCD screen (1024×600)
  • i945 graphics chipset (“gen3”, OpenGL 1.4)
  • 1 GB DDR2-533 RAM (upgradable to 2GB)
  • 160GB hard disk
  • 3× USB2 ports, SD card reader (SDHC compatible), VGA port
  • 10/100 Ethernet
  • 2.4GHz Wi-Fi B/G/N support
  • Bluetooth 2.1
  • HDA audio
  • 1.3 megapixel webcam

Although the N270 CPU was considered weak even at launch, its lack of speculative execution hardware makes it immune to Spectre and related security issues:

root #grep '' /sys/devices/system/cpu/vulnerabilities/*
/sys/devices/system/cpu/vulnerabilities/l1tf:Not affected
/sys/devices/system/cpu/vulnerabilities/meltdown:Not affected
/sys/devices/system/cpu/vulnerabilities/spec_store_bypass:Not affected
/sys/devices/system/cpu/vulnerabilities/spectre_v1:Not affected
/sys/devices/system/cpu/vulnerabilities/spectre_v2:Not affected

Installation

As with most netbooks the Eee PC 1000H lacks an optical drive; an external one may be used, but a more common choice is creating LiveUSB boot media. To boot from external media you have to press Esc during the BIOS boot splash screen and select the right installation medium. After booting a live system follow the Gentoo Linux x86 Handbook.

Note
The BIOS contains a “Boot Booster” feature, designed to speed up the boot process by caching some info on the hard disk. To ensure this works correctly, create one unused disk partition with MBR partition type EF, at least 32MB in size.

make.conf

FILE /etc/portage/make.conf
CFLAGS="-O2 -pipe -march=bonnell -msahf -mmovbe -mfxsr"
CXXFLAGS="${CFLAGS}"
CPU_FLAGS_X86="mmx mmxext sse sse2 sse3 ssse3"
VIDEO_CARDS="intel i915"
INPUT_DEVICES="libinput"

Compilation speed

To reduce compiling time and decrease the likelihood of builds failing due to low memory, consider using one or more of ccache, distcc, or zram. Upgrading the RAM to 2GB will help too, especially if building modern web browsers.

Kernel Configuration

CPU

KERNEL Intel Atom N270
[ ] 64-bit kernel
Processor type and features  --->
    Processor family ()  --->
        <*> Intel Atom
Power management and ACPI options  --->
    [*] Cpuidle Driver for Intel Processors

Hard disk

KERNEL 00:1f.2 IDE interface: Intel Corporation 82801GBM/GHM (ICH7-M Family) SATA Controller [IDE mode]
Device Drivers --->
    <*> Serial ATA and Parallel ATA drivers (libata)  --->
        <*>   AHCI SATA support
        [*]   ATA SFF support
        [*]     ATA BMDMA support
        <*>     Intel ESB, ICH, PIIX3, PIIX4 PATA/SATA support
Note
lspci and other tools will show the drive controller operating in IDE emulation mode. This is a limitation imposed by the BIOS and can't be fixed.

Graphics

KERNEL 00:02.0 VGA compatible controller: Intel Corporation Mobile 945GSE Express Integrated Graphics Controller
Device Drivers  --->
    Graphics support  --->
        < > /dev/agpgart (AGP Support)  --->
        <*> Direct Rendering Manager (XFree86 4.1.0 and higher DRI support) --->
            [*]   Enable legacy fbdev support for your modesetting driver
        <*> Intel 8xx/9xx/G3x/G4x/HD Graphics

Sound

KERNEL 00:1b.0 Audio device: Intel Corporation NM10/ICH7 Family High Definition Audio Controller
Device Drivers --->
    <*> Sound Card Support --->
        <*> Advanced Linux Sound Architecture --->
            HD-Audio --->
                <*> HD Audio PCI
                <*> Build Realtek HD-audio codec support

Ethernet

KERNEL 03:00.0 Ethernet controller: Qualcomm Atheros AR8121/AR8113/AR8114 Gigabit or Fast Ethernet
Device Drivers  --->
    Networking support  --->
        [*] Network device support --->
            [*] Ethernet driver support --->
                [*]   Atheros devices
                <*>     Atheros L1E Gigabit Ethernet support
Note
Although the label says gigabit, this Ethernet hardware only supports 10/100.

Wireless

KERNEL 01:00.0 Network controller: Ralink corp. RT2790 Wireless 802.11n 1T/2R PCIe
Bus options (PCI etc.)  --->
    [*] PCI Express Port Bus support
    [*]   PCI Express Hotplug driver
    [*] Support for PCI Hotplug  --->
        [*]   ACPI PCI Hotplug driver
[*] Networking support  --->
    <*> Wireless  --->
        <*> cfg80211 - wireless configuration API
        <*> Generic IEEE 802.11 Networking Stack (mac80211)
Device Drivers  --->
    Generic Driver Options  --->
        Firmware loader  --->
            (rt2860.bin regulatory.db regulatory.db.p7s) Build named firmware blobs into the kernel binary
            (/lib/firmware) Firmware blobs root directory
    Network device support  --->
        Wireless LAN  --->
            [*] Ralink devices  --->
                <*> Ralink driver support  --->
                    <*> Ralink rt27xx/rt28xx/rt30xx (PCI/PCIe/PCMCIA) support

The required firmware files are available in sys-kernel/linux-firmware and net-wireless/wireless-regdb. PCIe hotplug is required for the Fn+F2 keyboard toggle to actually switch the card on and off.

Touchpad

KERNEL ETPS/2 Elantech Touchpad
Device Drivers --->
    Input device support --->
        <*> Event interface
        [*] Mice --->
            <*> PS/2 mouse
                [*] Elantech PS/2 protocol extension
                [ ]   Elantech PS/2 SMbus companion

ACPI, LEDs and Hotkeys

KERNEL Asus EeePC extra buttons, hotplug toggles, hardware sensors, turbo mode support
Device Drivers --->
    [*] X86 Platform Specific Device Drivers --->
        <*>   Eee PC Hotkey Driver

If you have updated the BIOS to a recent version, it assumes you'll be running Windows 7 and by default presents a WMI interface instead of the native eeepc_laptop one. To fix this, append acpi_osi=Linux to the kernel command line. Although the kernel has an Eee PC WMI driver, it's intended for newer hardware and is severely crippled on this laptop.

Newer BIOS revisions have more Fn combinations (mostly on the unlabelled F-keys). Stable versions of the kernel have already received updates to recognize most of these, but Fn+space is still missing as of 4.19; a patch fixes that.

USB

KERNEL 00:1d.7 USB controller: Intel Corporation NM10/ICH7 Family USB2 EHCI Controller
Device Drivers --->
    [*] USB support  --->
        <*>   Support for Host-side USB
        <*>     EHCI HCD (USB 2.0) support
            [*]     Root Hub Transaction Translators
            [*]     Improved Transaction Translator scheduling
        < >     OHCI HCD (USB 1.1) support
        <*>     UHCI HCD (most Intel and VIA) support

Several internal devices are on the USB bus:

Bluetooth

KERNEL 0b05:b700 ASUSTek Computer, Inc. Broadcom Bluetooth 2.1
[*] Networking support  --->
    <*> Bluetooth subsystem support  --->
        [*]  Bluetooth Classic (BR/EDR) features
        Bluetooth device drivers  --->
            <*>  HCI USB driver
            [*]    Enable USB autosuspend for Bluetooth USB devices by default

SD card reader

KERNEL 058f:6335 Alcor Micro Corp. SD/MMC Card Reader
Device Drivers --->
    [*] USB support  --->
        <*>   USB Mass Storage support

Webcam

KERNEL 04f2:b071 Chicony Electronics Co., Ltd 2.0M UVC Webcam / CNF7129
Device Drivers  --->
    <*> Multimedia support  --->
        [*]  Cameras/video grabbers support
        [*]  Media USB Adapters  --->
             <*>  USB Video Class (UVC)
             [*]        UVC input events device support