Acer Chromebook C720
A short guide containing relevant instructions to get Gentoo running on an Acer C720 chromebook.
It should be noted that there is a chance that Mr. Chromebox's script might fail, causing the device to brick.
If the user would like to completely remove Chrome OS from their computer, they can choose to run the Chrome OS Firmware Utility Script written by Mr. Chromebox. However, this script is entirely optional.
Removing the Write-protect is essential to completely remove ChromeOS from the chromebook but will void your warranty. A detailed image of the Chromebook motherboard are listed on the The Chromium Project's Acer C720 & C720P & C740 Chromebook page. Disassemble with care.
- After successfully running this script the remaining Preinstallation sections can be skipped. Additionally, the computer is effectively a "regular" computer and the AMD64 Handbook guide can be followed.
In order get lower-level access to the hardware to install Gentoo, it is necessary to put the system into developer mode.
Follow these steps to gain access to developer mode:
- Reboot the system to the login screen, then do not login.
- At the login screen hold Esc+⟳ (the F2 key) then press the Power button (top right).
- The machine should boot to a special recovery screen, when it gets there press Ctrl+d. The system will reboot.
Enable the legacy bootloader
- Presuming the system in a a powered down state, power up the unit.
- When the login screen appears, hold Ctrl+Alt and press→. This should enter the developer console.
- Login by entering
chronosat the prompt, and pressing the Enter key.
- sudo bash to gain a bash shell.
- crossystem dev_boot_usb=1 dev_boot_legacy=1
- Type reboot and then press Enter.
- The system will reboot again.
Loading bootable media
After downloading a 64-bit minimal installation CD, proceed to make it USB drive bootable with isohybrid. Copy the .iso image to a USB drive with dd:
dd if=/path/to/install-amd64-minimal-.iso of=/path/to/raw/dev/device/file
- Once the dd process is complete, insert the USB to a USB port on the Chromebook.
- If the Chromebook was powered down or waiting at the legacy bootload screen, restart the Chromebook by pressing the power button.
- At the recovery screen, press Ctrl+l to load legacy boot options.
- The SeaBIOS bootloader should appear prompting a press of the Esc key. Press Esc.
- Select the appropriate bootable device by pressing the associated integer number on the keyboard.
- The Gentoo ISO Linux prompt should appear. Press Enter to boot the minimal CD.
- If the init process gets stuck, try adding
edd=offto the kernel command-line parameters.
- If the init process gets stuck, try adding
Once the init process completes the system is ready to receive a Gentoo install!
Create a backup of the current OS
It may be a good idea to create a backup of the Chromebook's installation on embedded flash disk (typically /dev/sda) before proceeding. If the Chromebook may be transferred to a new owner one day, the backup of the original OS could be restored. After configuring networking and enabling the SSH daemon, something like the following command should suffice:
ssh user@remote "dd if=/dev/sda | gzip -1 -" | dd of=chromebook_image.gz
This will send the entire contents of /dev/sda over the network to the current running directory. Be sure there's enough free space in the current partition to receive the file!
To restore the backup, boot the Gentoo minimal install CD again (or alternative live media) and issue:
dd if=chromebook_image.gz | gzip -d | ssh user@local dd of=/dev/sda
The following disk options depend on whether the chromebook firmware is stock or was flashed by MrChromebox's firmware utility.
- Continue following the MBR disk partitioning path if the firmware is stock.
- Continue following either the MBR or GPT disk partitioning paths if the firmware was flashed using MrChromebox's firmware utility.
For installation instructions on either MBR or GPT disk partitioning, follow the AMD64 Handbook.
Device Drivers ---> [*] Platform support for Chrome hardware ---> <*> Chrome OS Laptop <*> Chrome OS pstore support < > ChromeOS Tablet Switch Controller < > Backlight LED support for Chrome OS keyboards
Atheros ath9k wireless card
Device Drivers ---> [*] Network device support ---> [*] Wireless LAN ---> [*] Atheros/Qualcomm devices [*/ ] Atheros wireless debugging [*/ ] Atheros wireless tracing < > Atheros 5xxx wireless cards support [ ] Atheros 5xxx PCI bus support [*/ ] Atheros bluetooth coexistence support <*> Atheros 802.11n wireless cards support [*] Atheros ath9k PCI/PCIe bus support [ ] Atheros ath9k AHB bus support [*/ ] Atheros ath9k debugging [*/ ] Detailed station statistics
Cypress APA I2C touchpad support
Processor type and features ---> [*] Intel Low Power Subsystem Support Device Drivers ---> Input device support ---> [*] Mice ---> <*/M> Cypress APA I2C Trackpad support I2C support ---> I2C Hardware Bus support ---> <*> Synopsys DesignWare Platform <*> Synopsys DesignWare PCI
The setup of wireless networking is detailed in the wpa supplicant and Wifi articles.
The user must have a basic Xorg environment before using or configuring the trackpad. To establish a working Xorg environment follow the gentoo wiki Xorg/Guide.
- Although the trackpad will work, after enabling required kernel options, in a basic X environment, some users may desire further configuration. A fantastic source with friendly documentation is located in a page of the Ubuntu manuals. Among other features the manual displays options for disabling the trackpad while typing or tap-to-click.
- If users desire disabling the trackpad while typing or enabling tap-to-click, they can download the Acer C720 Xorg configuration file written by github user sedwardsmarsh.
- Since the stock SSD provided in the Acer C720 chromebook is only 16GB, free space is valuable. Space can be saved when creating disk partitions: instead of creating a separate partition for swap space create a swap file instead. This way, the amount required for swap space can be resized when needed.
However, this method doesn't guarantee readily available swap space, like a swap partition does.
- To create a swap file, run the following command, Since count=1M equals 512MB, count=8M equals 4,096MB or 4GB.
dd if=/dev/zero of=/swapfile count=8M
- Use mkswap to get your file ready for swaping:
- Make an fstab entry:
/swapfile none swap sw,loop 0 0
- Run as root to activate your file swap space:
- Power management/Guide — covers the configuration of a Gentoo system to manage power-hungry resources in a flexible-yet-automated manner.
- SSD — provides guidelines for basic maintenance, such as enabling discard/trim support, for SSDs (Solid State Drives) on Linux.
- swapfile configuration - link to Gentoo Forums post where swap file tutorial was copied from.
- https://www.chromium.org/chromium-os/developer-information-for-chrome-os-devices/acer-c720-chromebook - A very informative chromium projects page contains information about the Acer C720, C720P, and C740 chromebook models.
- https://wiki.archlinux.org/index.php/Acer_C720_Chromebook - The Acer C720 archlinux wiki page.
- https://www.linux.com/learn/how-install-linux-acer-c720-chromebook - A Linux.com article on installing Ubuntu/Bodhi Linux.