Lenovo Y520 15IKBN

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Introduction

Lenovo Y520 is a thin-and-light 15.6" workstation/multimedia laptop from Lenovo's 2017 Lenovo Legion lineup.

There are three laptop models in Y520 series:


The Y520-15IKBM model has a DisplayPort mini connector, while the Y520-15IKBA and Y520-15IKBN models have a Memory card slot 4-in-1 Card Reader (SD, SDHC, SDXC, MMC).

Lenovo Y520 is a good laptop for installing Gentoo Linux. The laptop has a solid build, a good keyboard, and a nice 15" 1920x1080 Full HD LED Backlit Anti-glare IPS Display. It is possible to have both NMVe and an SSD or spinning hard disk.

Note
Although it is possible to have both NMVe and an SSD, this page describes the model with NMVe only.

.

After proper configuration, every part of the Lenovo Y520 is Linux friendly.

Hardware information

lscpu

root #lscpu
Architecture:                    x86_64
CPU op-mode(s):                  32-bit, 64-bit
Byte Order:                      Little Endian
Address sizes:                   39 bits physical, 48 bits virtual
CPU(s):                          8
On-line CPU(s) list:             0-7
Thread(s) per core:              2
Core(s) per socket:              4
Socket(s):                       1
NUMA node(s):                    1
Vendor ID:                       GenuineIntel
CPU family:                      6
Model:                           158
Model name:                      Intel(R) Core(TM) i7-7700HQ CPU @ 2.80GHz
Stepping:                        9
CPU MHz:                         3500.752
CPU max MHz:                     3800.0000
CPU min MHz:                     800.0000
BogoMIPS:                        5599.85
Virtualization:                  VT-x
L1d cache:                       128 KiB
L1i cache:                       128 KiB
L2 cache:                        1 MiB
L3 cache:                        6 MiB
NUMA node0 CPU(s):               0-7
Vulnerability Itlb multihit:     Processor vulnerable
Vulnerability L1tf:              Mitigation; PTE Inversion
Vulnerability Mds:               Vulnerable: Clear CPU buffers attempted, no microcode; SMT vulnerable
Vulnerability Meltdown:          Mitigation; PTI
Vulnerability Spec store bypass: Vulnerable
Vulnerability Spectre v1:        Mitigation; usercopy/swapgs barriers and __user pointer sanitization
Vulnerability Spectre v2:        Mitigation; Full generic retpoline, STIBP disabled, RSB filling
Vulnerability Srbds:             Vulnerable: No microcode
Vulnerability Tsx async abort:   Not affected
Flags:                           fpu vme de pse tsc msr pae mce cx8 apic sep mtrr pge mca cmov pat pse36 clflush dts acpi mmx fxsr sse sse2 
                                 ss ht tm pbe syscall nx pdpe1gb rdtscp lm constant_tsc art arch_perfmon pebs bts rep_good nopl xtopology no
                                 nstop_tsc cpuid aperfmperf pni pclmulqdq dtes64 monitor ds_cpl vmx est tm2 ssse3 sdbg fma cx16 xtpr pdcm pc
                                 id sse4_1 sse4_2 x2apic movbe popcnt tsc_deadline_timer aes xsave avx f16c rdrand lahf_lm abm 3dnowprefetch
                                  cpuid_fault invpcid_single pti tpr_shadow vnmi flexpriority ept vpid ept_ad fsgsbase tsc_adjust bmi1 avx2 
                                 smep bmi2 erms invpcid mpx rdseed adx smap clflushopt intel_pt xsaveopt xsavec xgetbv1 xsaves dtherm ida ar
                                 at pln pts hwp hwp_notify hwp_act_window hwp_epp

lspci

root #lspci -nnk
00:00.0 Host bridge [0600]: Intel Corporation Xeon E3-1200 v6/7th Gen Core Processor Host Bridge/DRAM Registers [8086:5910] (rev 05)
	Subsystem: Lenovo Xeon E3-1200 v6/7th Gen Core Processor Host Bridge/DRAM Registers [17aa:3804]
	Kernel driver in use: skl_uncore
00:01.0 PCI bridge [0604]: Intel Corporation Xeon E3-1200 v5/E3-1500 v5/6th Gen Core Processor PCIe Controller (x16) [8086:1901] (rev 05)
	Kernel driver in use: pcieport
00:02.0 VGA compatible controller [0300]: Intel Corporation HD Graphics 630 [8086:591b] (rev 04)
	Subsystem: Lenovo HD Graphics 630 [17aa:39fc]
	Kernel driver in use: i915
	Kernel modules: i915
00:14.0 USB controller [0c03]: Intel Corporation 100 Series/C230 Series Chipset Family USB 3.0 xHCI Controller [8086:a12f] (rev 31)
	Subsystem: Lenovo 100 Series/C230 Series Chipset Family USB 3.0 xHCI Controller [17aa:381d]
	Kernel driver in use: xhci_hcd
	Kernel modules: xhci_pci
00:14.2 Signal processing controller [1180]: Intel Corporation 100 Series/C230 Series Chipset Family Thermal Subsystem [8086:a131] (rev 31)
	Subsystem: Lenovo 100 Series/C230 Series Chipset Family Thermal Subsystem [17aa:3805]
	Kernel driver in use: intel_pch_thermal
	Kernel modules: intel_pch_thermal
00:16.0 Communication controller [0780]: Intel Corporation 100 Series/C230 Series Chipset Family MEI Controller #1 [8086:a13a] (rev 31)
	Subsystem: Lenovo 100 Series/C230 Series Chipset Family MEI Controller [17aa:381e]
	Kernel driver in use: mei_me
	Kernel modules: mei_me
00:17.0 SATA controller [0106]: Intel Corporation HM170/QM170 Chipset SATA Controller [AHCI Mode] [8086:a103] (rev 31)
	Subsystem: Lenovo HM170/QM170 Chipset SATA Controller [AHCI Mode] [17aa:3803]
	Kernel driver in use: ahci
	Kernel modules: ahci
00:1c.0 PCI bridge [0604]: Intel Corporation 100 Series/C230 Series Chipset Family PCI Express Root Port #2 [8086:a111] (rev f1)
	Kernel driver in use: pcieport
00:1c.2 PCI bridge [0604]: Intel Corporation 100 Series/C230 Series Chipset Family PCI Express Root Port #3 [8086:a112] (rev f1)
	Kernel driver in use: pcieport
00:1c.3 PCI bridge [0604]: Intel Corporation 100 Series/C230 Series Chipset Family PCI Express Root Port #4 [8086:a113] (rev f1)
	Kernel driver in use: pcieport
00:1d.0 PCI bridge [0604]: Intel Corporation 100 Series/C230 Series Chipset Family PCI Express Root Port #9 [8086:a118] (rev f1)
	Kernel driver in use: pcieport
00:1f.0 ISA bridge [0601]: Intel Corporation HM175 Chipset LPC/eSPI Controller [8086:a152] (rev 31)
	Subsystem: Lenovo HM175 Chipset LPC/eSPI Controller [17aa:3803]
00:1f.2 Memory controller [0580]: Intel Corporation 100 Series/C230 Series Chipset Family Power Management Controller [8086:a121] (rev 31)
	Subsystem: Lenovo 100 Series/C230 Series Chipset Family Power Management Controller [17aa:3819]
00:1f.3 Audio device [0403]: Intel Corporation CM238 HD Audio Controller [8086:a171] (rev 31)
	Subsystem: Lenovo CM238 HD Audio Controller [17aa:3803]
	Kernel driver in use: snd_hda_intel
	Kernel modules: snd_hda_intel
00:1f.4 SMBus [0c05]: Intel Corporation 100 Series/C230 Series Chipset Family SMBus [8086:a123] (rev 31)
	Subsystem: Lenovo 100 Series/C230 Series Chipset Family SMBus [17aa:3817]
	Kernel driver in use: i801_smbus
	Kernel modules: i2c_i801
02:00.0 SD Host controller [0805]: O2 Micro, Inc. SD/MMC Card Reader Controller [1217:8621] (rev 01)
	Subsystem: Lenovo SD/MMC Card Reader Controller [17aa:381f]
	Kernel driver in use: sdhci-pci
	Kernel modules: sdhci_pci
03:00.0 Network controller [0280]: Intel Corporation Wireless 8265 / 8275 [8086:24fd] (rev 78)
	Subsystem: Intel Corporation Dual Band Wireless-AC 8265 [8086:1010]
	Kernel driver in use: iwlwifi
	Kernel modules: iwlwifi
04:00.0 Ethernet controller [0200]: Realtek Semiconductor Co., Ltd. RTL8111/8168/8411 PCI Express Gigabit Ethernet Controller [10ec:8168] (rev 10)
	Subsystem: Lenovo RTL8111/8168/8411 PCI Express Gigabit Ethernet Controller [17aa:3884]
	Kernel driver in use: r8169
	Kernel modules: r8169
05:00.0 Non-Volatile memory controller [0108]: Samsung Electronics Co Ltd NVMe SSD Controller SM961/PM961 [144d:a804]
	Subsystem: Samsung Electronics Co Ltd NVMe SSD Controller SM961/PM961 [144d:a801]
	Kernel driver in use: nvme
	Kernel modules: nvme

lsusb

root #lsusb
Bus 002 Device 001: ID 1d6b:0003 Linux Foundation 3.0 root hub
Bus 001 Device 003: ID 04f2:b57e Chicony Electronics Co., Ltd EasyCamera
Bus 001 Device 004: ID 8087:0a2b Intel Corp. 
Bus 001 Device 001: ID 1d6b:0002 Linux Foundation 2.0 root hub

lsinput

root #lsinput
 0: 0000:0005 HOST   PNP0C0D/button/i Lid Switch               SW              
 1: 0000:0001 HOST   PNP0C0C/button/i Power Button             KEY             
 2: 0000:0001 HOST   LNXPWRBN/button/ Power Button             KEY             
 3: 0001:0001 I8042  isa0060/serio0/i AT Translated Set 2 keyb KEY MSC LED     
 8: 0000:0006 HOST   LNXVIDEO/video/i Video Bus                KEY             
 9: 04f2:b57e USB    usb-0000:00:14.0 EasyCamera: EasyCamera   KEY             
10: 0002:000e I8042  isa0060/serio1/i ETPS/2 Elantech Touchpad KEY ABS  

Installation

The installation is per the Gentoo AMD64 handbook.

Some specific configuration options are:

  • USB support, configuring xHCI, EHCI
  • Audio according to ALSA and optionally PulseAudio. Make sure to enable build Realtek HD-audio codec support.

Firmware

Microcode

Intel released microcode updates that fixes fault on processors. Install the officially published microcode package sys-firmware/intel-microcode. For more info see Intel microcode.

Kernel

CPU

KERNEL Based on 5.7.10:
Processor type and features  --->
   [*] Symmetric multi-processing support
       Processor family ()  --->
           (X) Core 2/newer Xeon
   (8) Maximum number of CPUs
   -*- MTRR (Memory Type Range Register) support


Storage Devices

NVM Express block device (CONFIG_BLK_DEV_NVME) must be activated to gain NVMe device support. The NVMe driver has support for temperature sensors (CONFIG_NVME_HWMON) as of Linux 5.5:

KERNEL Based on 5.7.10:
Device Drivers  --->
   NVME Support  --->
       <*> NVM Express block device
       [*] NVMe multipath support
       [*] NVMe hardware monitoring
       < > NVM Express over Fabrics FC host driver
       < > NVM Express over Fabrics TCP host driver

Devices will show up under /dev/nvme*.

Note
If you want to enable support of NVM Express over Fabrics FC host driver (CONFIG_NVME_FC) as well as NVM Express over Fabrics TCP host driver (CONFIG_NVME_TCP) you may find it useful to read the article Data in a Flash, Part III: NVMe over Fabrics Using TCP

.

Sound

KERNEL Based on 5.7.10:
Device Drivers  --->
   <*> Sound card support  --->
     <*> Advanced Linux Sound Architecture  --->
       HD-Audio  --->
         <*> HD Audio PCI
         [*] Build hwdep interface for HD-audio driver
         [ ] Allow dynamic codec reconfiguration
         [ ] Support digital beep via input layer
         [ ] Support initialization patch loading for HD-audio
         <*> Build Realtek HD-audio codec support
         < > Build Analog Device HD-audio codec support
         < > Build IDT/Sigmatel HD-audio codec support
         < > Build VIA HD-audio codec support
         <*> Build HDMI/DisplayPort HD-audio codec support
         < > Build Cirrus Logic codec support
         < > Build Conexant HD-audio codec support
         < > Build Creative CA0110-IBG codec support
         < > Build Creative CA0132 codec support
         < > Build C-Media HD-audio codec support
         < > Build Silicon Labs 3054 HD-modem codec support
         -*- Enable generic HD-audio codec parser
         (0) Default time-out for HD-audio power-save mode

USB

KERNEL Based on 5.7.10:
Device Drivers --->
    [*] USB support --->
        {*}   Support for Host-side USB
        [*]   PCI based USB host interface
        [*]   USB announce new devices
              *** Miscellaneous USB options ***
        [*]   Enable USB persist by default
        <*>   xHCI HCD (USB 3.0) support
        [ ]     xHCI support for debug capability
        <*>     Generic xHCI driver for a platform device 
        <*>   EHCI HCD (USB 2.0) support
        [ ]     Root Hub Transaction Translators
        [*]     Improved Transaction Translator scheduling


Configuration

Compiler settings

More info is available at:

FILE /etc/portage/make.conf
# -O2 for super-safe output
COMMON_FLAGS="-march=skylake -O2 -pipe"

CFLAGS="${COMMON_FLAGS}"
CXXFLAGS="${COMMON_FLAGS}"
FCFLAGS="${COMMON_FLAGS}"
FFLAGS="${COMMON_FLAGS}"

# Quad-core with enabled Hyper-Threading technology - 8 logical processors
MAKEOPTS="-j8"

# AMD64 architecture
CHOST="x86_64-pc-linux-gnu"

Packages settings

For more info: CPU_FLAGS_X86

FILE /etc/portage/make.conf
# Obtained via cpuinfo2cpuflags
CPU_FLAGS_X86="aes avx avx2 f16c fma3 mmx mmxext pclmul popcnt rdrand sse sse2 sse3 sse4_1 sse4_2 ssse3"

USE flags

With Intel Modesetting DDX as video driver add libinput as input driver.

FILE /etc/portage/make.conf
# Intel GMA Gen 9.5 - Kaby Lake
VIDEO_CARDS="intel i965 iris"

# Input devices
INPUT_DEVICES="libinput"