The dispatch-conf utility is used on Gentoo to manage configuration file updates. It allows the user to review (and accept) changes on the files and integrates with rcs to allow for version-controlled configuration file management.
Feature: RCS Integration
When dispatch-conf is configured to integrate with rcs, it will store all changes in /etc/config-archive.This process of configuration is as simple as and editing the config to include this:
Administrators can then view the differences using the rcs utilities like rlog as well as roll-back changes using co. The rcs utilities work with file locking itself, so the moment you want to use it in your administrative tasks, understand that:
- dispatch-conf only stores the changes made when the package suggests to alter the file. Changes you made afterwards are not registered yet
- when you check out a file, rcs will want to write the file to the file system, so make sure you backup your existing file first, or work with standard output (see later)
- if you want to check in a file, you first need to take a lock on said file. Also, make sure you opt not to remove the working file
To view the commit history on /etc/conf.d/udev:
If you want to roll back to a particular version, a simple way to do so is to check out a previous version:
After making your final changes (you can use the backup udev.orig to merge any changes made later), check in the file again:
Edit the file, and finally check in the changes:
Changing diff or merge tools
Reading changes in all grey text can be a bit annoying. Fortunately there's an alternative called colordiff that displays the different types of changes in different colors. Configuration is simple, first install colordiff with:
Now change the diff line in the config file to:
Use (g)vimdiff to merge changes
You may wish to try (g)vimdiff instead of the default method of merging files. To do this, modify the /etc/dispatch-conf.conf configuration file by changing the merge line:
You can also use vimdiff (for gvimdiff use -f flag moreover) to merge changes.
Some useful commands related to merge with vimdiff :
"]c" : jump to next change "[c" : jump to previous change "CTRL-W <Right>" or "CTRL-W <Left>" : go to the other window "do" (diff obtain): get the text of the highlighted block from the other window "dp" (diff put) : put the text of the highlighted block to the other window "zo" : open fold under the cursor "zc" : close fold under the cursor "zr" : open all folds ":wqa" : write and exit
See the Vim documentation for further help.