Buku Petunjuk:Laman Utama

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Buku petunjuk Gentoo

Perkenalan

Buku Petunjuk Gentoo merupakan usaha pemusatan dokumentasi ke dalam buku petunjuk yang koheren. Buku petunjuk ini berisi cara instalasi dengan pendekatan berbasis-internet dan sedikit penjelasan mengenai Gentoo dan Portage.

Arsitektur

Gentoo Linux tersedia dalam berbagai arsitektur. Tapi apakah arsitektur itu?

An architecture is a family of CPUs (processors) who support the same instructions. The two most prominent architectures in the desktop world are the x86 architecture and the x86_64 architecture (for which Gentoo uses the amd64 notation). But many other architectures exist, such as sparc, ppc (the PowerPC family), mips, arm, etc...

A distribution as versatile as Gentoo supports many architectures. For that reason, you'll find that our Gentoo Handbooks are offered for many of the supported architectures. However, that might lead to some confusion as not all users are aware of the differences. Some are only aware of the CPU type or name that their system is a part of (like i686 or Intel Core i7). Below you will find a quick summary of the supported architectures and the abbreviation used in Gentoo. However, most people that do not know the architecture of their system are mostly interested in x86 or amd64.

Melihat buku petunjuk

Catatan
Tabel di bawah ini memperlihatkan ikhtisar tingkat-tinggi arsitektur-arsitektur yang didukung. Beberapa CPU dan sistem yang ditunjukkan hanyalah contoh, tidak lebih dari itu. Bila Anda masih bingung arsitektur mana yang harus dipilih, silakan baca bagian pertama dari bab kedua Buku Petunjuk Gentoo (Memilih Media Instalasi yang Benar), di mana laman tersebut akan menguraikan platform-platform yang didukung.
Note
The arm and arm64 architectures are supported by the Gentoo project but do not yet have a full handbook at their disposal. Please refer to the ARM project for more information.
One page per chapter (many shorter pages) One page per part (longer pages)
Handbook for architecture Description of architecture Installing Gentoo Linux Working with Gentoo Working with Portage Network configuration
alpha The Alpha architecture is a 64-bit architecture developed by Digital Equipment Corporation (DEC). It is still in use by some mid-range and high-end servers, but the architecture is slowly being faded out.
(ES40, AlphaPC, UP1000, Noname)
Installation Working Portage Networking
amd64 A 64-bit architecture that is compatible with the x86 architecture (and thus also known as x86_64). It was first used by AMD (under the AMD64 name) and Intel (under the EM64T name) and is now the most prominent architecture for medium and high-end desktop PCs. It is also commonly found in the server segment.
(AMD Athlon 64, AMD Opteron, AMD Sempron processors, AMD Phenom, Intel Pentium 4, Intel Core2, Intel Core i3, i5, i7, some Intel Atom variants)
Installation Working Portage Networking
arm This 32-bit architecture is a very popular architecture for embedded and small systems. Sub-architectures range from ARMv1 to ARMv7 (Cortex) and are often found in smart phones, tablets, hand-held consoles, end-user GPS navigation systems, etc.

(StrongARM, Cortex-M)

arm64 This 64-bit architecture is a new arm variant for embedded and server systems. The only sub-architecture is ARMv8 and includes the Cortex-A53, and Cortex-A57 processors which are starting to appear in a variety of SoCs in developer boards, Smart phones, tablets etc.

(Cortex-A53, Cortex-A57)

hppa Referred to as HPPA, the PA-RISC architecture is an instruction set developed by Hewlett-Packard and was used in their mid- and high-end server series until about 2008 (after which HP started using Intel Itanium).
(HP 9000, PA-8600)
Installation Working Portage Networking
ia64 A 64-bit architecture designed by Intel and used in their Intel Itanium processor series. This architecture is not compatible with x86 or x86_64 (aka amd64) and is mostly found in medium and high-end server series.
(Intel Itanium)
Installation Working Portage Networking
mips Developed by MIPS Technologies, the MIPS architecture entails multiple subfamilies (called revisions) such as MIPS I, MIPS III, MIPS32, MIPS64 and more. MIPS is most common in embedded systems.
(MIPS32 1074K, R16000)
Installation Working Portage Networking
ppc A 32-bit architecture used by many Apple, IBM and Motorola processors. They are most commonly found in embedded systems.
(Apple OldWorld, Apple NewWorld, generi Pegasos, Efika, older IBM iSeries and pSeries)
Installation Working Portage Networking
ppc64 The 64-bit variant of the PPC architecture, popular in both embedded as well as high-end performance servers.
(IBM RS/6000s, IBM pSeries, IBM iSeries)
Installation Working Portage Networking
sparc The SPARC architecture is best known by its most common producers, Sun (now Oracle) and Fujitsu. It is used in server systems although a few workstations exist as well. In Gentoo, only SPARC64 compatible CPUs are supported.
(E3000, Blade 1000, Ultra 2)
Installation Working Portage Networking
x86 A 32-bit architecture used by CPUs that are often said to be "Intel compatible". It was, until recently, the most popular architecture for desktop PCs. Gentoo offers builds for i486 (supports all families) and i686 (supports Pentium and higher or compatible).
(i486, i686, AMD Athlon, Intel Core, Intel Atom)
Installation Working Portage Networking

Pertanyaan yang sering diajukan

Bisakah Anda memiliki buku petunjuk yang dibuat secara dinamis untuk setiap pilihan di atas?

Segalanya mungkin, tapi kami memilih untuk melakukan hal ini untuk setiap tingkat arsitektur. Pilihan lain, seperti pemartisian, pemilihan kernel, instalasi alat, dan lainnya cukup mudah untuk dijelaskan dalam satu dokumen.

Saya tidak menemukan informasi mengenai stage1 di buku petunjuk Gentoo

Instruksi penggunaan tarball stage1 atau stage2 sekarang bisa ditemukan di Gentoo FAQ. Instalasi stage3 merupakan satu-satunya instalasi yang kami dukung saat ini.

Saya tidak setuju dengan ...

Silakan laporkan ide Anda melalui "laman Diskusi" di masing-masing laman buku petunjuk ini. Dokumentasi dibuat oleh komunitas, jadi umpan balik komunitas sangat dihargai.

Namun, Anda perlu tahu bahwa keputusan pengembangan dokumentasi ini didasarkan pada model-konsensus. Sangat tidak mungkin untuk menulis/membuat dokumentasi sesuka hati. Anda harus mampu menjawab "Tidak" dengan alasan yang kami percayai bahwa penerapan ini menguntungkan banyak orang.

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CODE Example open discussion
{{Talk|open|date=Jan 14 2017}}
 
Hi, I constructively think this part of the Handbook can be enhanced in this way. Here is an example of the code/text that will make the improvement:
 
(insert code/text here)
 
Kind regards, --Larry (talk) 05:38, 5 January 2017 (UTC)

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