|GLEP 23: Handling of ACCEPT_LICENSE|
|Author||Jason Stubbs <email@example.com>, Marius Mauch <firstname.lastname@example.org>|
Repoman has been updated to check for the LICENSE syntax. Portage now handles ACCEPT_LICENSE and license groups, with NON-MUST-HAVE-READ's role handled by @EULA. Marking as Final as of 1/16/2014.
Currently, every ebuild in the main Gentoo repository is required to have a valid LICENSE entry. However, the syntax of this entry is not officially defined and the entry itself is only used when outputting package details.
Many users wish to regulate the software they install with regards to licenses for various reasons . Some want a system free of any software that is not OSI-approved; others are simply curious as to what licenses they are implicitly accepting.
Furthermore, some software requires that a user interactively accept its license for its author's to consider it legally binding. This is currently implemented using
Ebuild LICENSE Variable
Most ebuilds are for software which is released under a single license. In these cases, the current LICENSE variable can remain as is. For example:
However, there are several ebuilds for software which is released under several licenses, of which the user must accept one, some or all . To complicate this, some ebuilds include optional components which fall under a different license.
To accommodate these cases, LICENSE syntax should accommodate all functionality offered by a DEPEND string. To keep things simple, this GLEP proposes that the syntax be identical. For example:
LICENSE="mandatory-license || ( choosable-licence1 chooseable-license-2 ) useflag? ( optional-component-license )"
License names may contain [a-zA-Z0-9] (english alphanumeric characters), _ (underscore), - (hyphen), . (dot) and + (plus sign). They must not begin with a hyphen, a dot or a plus sign.
Almost all users are willing to install any software that is FSF-approved. Other users are willing to install any software and implicitly accept its license. To this end, implementations will also need to handle grouping of licenses.
At a minimum, there needs to be the groups
NON-MUST-HAVE-READ licenses are those that don't require manual acceptance for to be considered legally binding. This is the current behaviour of portage.
These groups are defined in a new file
license_groups in the
profiles subdirectory of the tree (or overlays). Details of handling groups defined in overlays is implementation dependent.
The format of this file is:
<groupname> <license1> <license2> ... <licenseN>
Also any line starting with # is ignored and may be used for comments. Group names use the same syntax as normal license names. Also license groups may contain other groups. License groups may not contain negated elements, so a group:
mygroup foo -bar -bla
This GLEP proposes that a user be able to explicitly accept or decline licenses by editing a new variable
/etc/make.conf. Again, to keep things simple, the syntax should be
similar to that of other incrementals. For example:
ACCEPT_LICENSE="-* accepted-license -declined-license"
As an extension,
ACCEPT_LICENSE must also support
This GLEP proposes that the license group be prepended by the special
@". For example:
License groups may be negated with the result that all elements of that group are also negated.
Portage will also offer a package.license facility to offer this functionality on a per-package base (analog to package.keywords), other implementations may implement such a facility differently or not at all.
Unaccepted licenses will be treated like any other masked package, that is the user interface of an implementation will display a message listing any license that has to be accepted before the package can be merged with a pointer to the exact license text.
Past versions of this document proposed to handle license-masked packages like blockers, but this would be inconsistent with other visibility filters as well as the current blocker system (as a blocker affects two packages) and be more complicated to implement.
An implementation of this proposal should make it easy for users wishing to regulate their software without affecting those that don't.
Available in portage svn repository under main/branches/license-masking
There should be no change to the user experience without the user explicitly choosing to do so. This mandates that the configuration variable be named
ACCEPT_LICENSE as some users may already have it set due to ebuilds using
eutil.eclass's implementation. It also mandates that the default
ACCEPT_LICENSE be set to
@NON-MUST-HAVE-READ in the main gentoo repository as implementations are not required to provide an internal default.
- Gentoo Linux Bug 17367 (http://bugs.gentoo.org/show_bug.cgi?id=17367)
- Gentoo Linux Bug 34146 (http://bugs.gentoo.org/show_bug.cgi?id=34146)
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