TeX Live is a complete TeX distribution with several programs to create professional documents.
|cjk||No||No||Adds support for Multi-byte character languages (Chinese, Japanese, Korean)|
|doc||No||Yes||Adds extra documentation (API, Javadoc, etc). It is recommended to enable per package instead of globally|
|dvi2tty||No||Yes||Add support for dev-tex/dvi2tty to preview dvi-files on text-only devices|
|dvipdfm||No||Yes||Add support for app-text/dvipdfm to convert DVI files to PDF|
|extra||No||Add support for extra TeXLive packages|
|games||No||Add typesetting support for games (chess, etc.) (dev-texlive/texlive-games)|
|graphics||No||Yes||Add support for several graphics packages (pgf, tikz,...)|
|music||No||Add support for music typesetting (dev-texlive/texlive-music)|
|png||No||Yes||Adds support for libpng (PNG images)|
|pstricks||No||Yes||Add pstricks packages (dev-texlive/texlive-pstricks)|
|science||No||Yes||Add typesetting support for natural and computer sciences (dev-texlive/texlive-science)|
|truetype||No||Yes||Adds support for FreeType and/or FreeType2 fonts|
|xml||No||Add support for XML files|
|X||No||Adds support for X11|
|jadetex||No||Add support for app-text/jadetex (for processing tex files produced by the TeX backend of Jade)|
|luatex||No||Add extra support for luatex|
|xetex||No||Add support for XeTeX macros (dev-texlive/texlive-xetex)|
|context||No||Add support for the ConTeXt format (dev-texlive/texlive-context)|
|detex||No||Add support for dev-tex/detex, a filter program that removes the LaTeX (or TeX) control sequences|
|humanities||No||Add LaTeX support for the humanities (dev-texlive/texlive-humanities)|
|omega||No||Add omega packages (dev-texlive/texlive-omega)|
|pdfannotextractor||No||Add dev-tex/pdfannotextractor support, for extracting annotations from PDF files.|
|publishers||No||Add support for publishers (dev-texlive/texlive-publishers)|
|tex4ht||No||Add support for dev-tex/tex4ht (for converting (La)TeX to (X)HTML, XML and OO.org)|
|xindy||No||Add support for app-text/xindy, a flexible indexing system|
Most of the time you will use TeX Live through the editor of your choice. Here a list of the different compiler to translate a .tex document into .pdf.
There are several you can choose from in Gentoo. To list a few pure TeX editors:
- app-editors/kile - KDE based editor, which lets you write in LaTeX code and then compile the document
- app-office/texmaker - Qt based editor, which lets you write in LaTeX code and then compile the document
- app-editors/gummi - GTK based editor, which lets you write in LaTeX code and then compile the document
- app-editors/latexila - Gnome based editor, which lets you write in LaTeX code and then compile the document
- app-office/lyx - Qt based WYSIWYM editor, you type directly into the LaTeX document and can edit LaTeX code afterwards
- app-editors/texworks - Qt based editor, suggested editor by the UK-TUG which lets you write in LaTeX code and then compile the document. Can be found in the betagarden overlay as live ebuild.
- This is by far not a complete list.
Most of the editors support LaTeX syntax highlighting like Vim, app-editors/emacs (which supports compilation and previewing), app-editors/gedit or dev-util/geany and most development IDE's provide some plugins like dev-util/eclipse-sdk and dev-util/netbeans.
Programs with LaTeX support
- net-im/pidgin - has a LaTeX plugin to display mathematical formulae
- app-misc/freemind - has a LaTeX plugin for inserting formulae in mind maps
Gentoo would automatically clean out any previous version during upgrade. If you intentionally install several versions into different slots, there is a script that enables you to easily switch between them:
You can list available distributions with the following command:
To set the distribution:
Shows the original TeX documentation by keywords. For example everything about article:
This should open your default pdf viewer and show you the documentation.
In order to use texdoc, you need to have the doc USE flag enabled for TeX Live and any module you want to have documentation about. To enable the doc USE flag on any TeX Live module automatically, you could use a wildcard:
A full list of installed TeX modules can be shown with the following command:
To enable the doc USE flag only for certain modules, add them to /etc/portage/package.use. A quick way of adding them all: