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Help:Links

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There are four sorts of links in MediaWiki:

  1. internal links to other pages in the wiki
  2. external links to other websites
  3. interwiki links to other websites registered to the wiki in advance
  4. Interlanguage links to other websites registered as other language versions of the wiki

Internal links

To add an internal link, enclose the name of the page you want to link to in double square brackets. When you save the page, you'll see the new link pointing to your page. If the page exists already it is displayed in blue, if it does not, in red. Selflinks to the current page are not transformed in URLs but displayed in bold. (If you really want to link to the current page, use an anchor (see below), or [[#top|current page]] which always links to the top.)

The first letter of the target page is automatically capitalized, unless otherwise set by the admins, and spaces are represented as underscores (typing an underscore in the link will have a similar effect as typing a space, but is not recommended, since the underscore will also be shown in the text).

Description You type You get
Internal link
[[Main Page]]
Main Page
Piped link
[[Main Page|different text]]

See also Help:Piped link on meta.wikimedia.org

different text
Hide namespace shortcut
[[Help:Contents|]]

Short for [[Help:Contents|Contents]]

Contents
Word-ending links
[[Help]]s

[[Help]]ing

[[Help]]ers

[[Help]]anylettersyoulikehere

Helps

Helping

Helpers

Helpanylettersyoulikehere

Avoiding word-ending links
[[Help]]<nowiki />ful advice

[[Wikipedia:GNU General Public License|GPL]]<nowiki />v3

Helpful advice

GPLv3

Redirect
#REDIRECT [[Main Page]]

See also Help:Redirects

Main Page
Internal link to an anchor
[[#See also]]

Section headings and the top of the page are automatically anchored.

#See also
Internal link to an anchor from different text
[[#See also|different text]]
different text
Setting an internal link anchor
<div id="NameOfAnchorHere">optional text</div>

Omit the "optional text" for invisible anchor.

optional text
Internal link to an anchor at another page
[[Help:Images#See also]]
Help:Images#See also
Internal link to the current page's talk page
[[{{TALKPAGENAME}}|Discussion]]

See also Help:Magic words

Discussion
Internal link to a subpage
[[/example]]

Shortcut for [[Help:Links/example]]. See also Help:Subpages.

/example
Internal link to a subpage without the leading slash
[[/example/]]

Shortcut for [[Help:Links/example|example]].

example
Internal link to a category page
[[:Category:Help]]

See also Help:Categories

Category:Help
Internal link to an image or a file of other types
[[Media:Example.jpg]]

[[Media:Larry-hi.png]]

See also Help:Images

Media:Example.jpg

Media:Larry-hi.png

Internal link to the user's user page
[[Special:MyPage]]
Special:MyPage
Internal link to translated article
(as per Language settings in preferences),
otherwise it will show original in english
[[Special:MyLanguage/Kernel|Kernel]]
Kernel

External links

To add an external link, enclose the name of the page you want to link to in single square brackets. When you save the page, you'll see the new link pointing to your page, with an arrow icon after it to show that it was coded with single bracket external link syntax, and thus may lead to another site.

Description You type You get
External link http://mediawiki.org http://mediawiki.org
External link with different label [http://mediawiki.org MediaWiki] MediaWiki
Numbered external link [http://mediawiki.org] [1]
External links with file icons [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/.avi video] [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/.ogg sound] [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/.pdf document]

See #External link icons for currently supported icons and extensions.

video
sound
document

External link to the same host http://{{SERVERNAME}}/pagename http://wiki.gentoo.org/pagename
External link to other host passing the pagename http://google.com/search?q={{PAGENAMEE}} http://google.com/search?q=Links
Mailto link [mailto:info@example.org email me] email me
Mailto named with subject line and body [mailto:info@example.org?Subject=URL%20Encoded%20Subject&body=Body%20Text info] info

External links to internal pages

To add an external link to a page on the same wiki using parameters, you may need to use external link syntax. Enclose the name of the page you want to link to in single square brackets. When you save the page, you'll see the new link pointing to your page, with an arrow icon after it. This is often useful if you want to link internally on a wiki, but need query parameters in the URL, which may not work with normal internal links in some circumstances.

Description You type You get
External link to the current page's edit page
[http://www.mediawiki.org/w/index.php?title=Help:Links&action=edit Edit]
Edit
External link to the current page's edit page using the fullurl parser function
[{{fullurl:{{PAGENAME}}|action=edit}} Edit]

See also Magic words and External links.

Edit
External link to the current page's edit page, and styled to look like an internal link
<span class="plainlinks">[http://www.mediawiki.org/w/index.php?title=Help:Links&action=edit Edit]</span>

The plainlinks class can be used in cases where you want an external link to look like an internal one, by suppressing the little arrow icon that normally appears after it.

Edit

External link icons

Test link Icon Trigger
[2] external-link-ltr-icon.png .external, http://, gopher://
[3] lock-icon.png https://
[4] mail-icon.png mailto:
[5] news-icon.png news://
[6] file-icon.png ftp://
[7] talk-icon.png irc://
[8] audio-icon.png .ogg, .mid, .midi, .mp3, .wav, .wma
[9] video-icon.png .ogm, .avi, .mpeg, .mpg
[10] document-icon.png .pdf, .pdf#, .pdf?

How to avoid auto-links

By default, when you write a URL as is, it will be transformed to an external link.

To avoid that effect, put the URL between <nowiki> tags as in:

<nowiki>http://mediawiki.org</nowiki>

Interwiki links

Interwiki links are links with the internal link markup to a website registered in advance. For example, you can link to the Sunflower article on http://en.wikipedia.org by typing [[wikipedia:Sunflower]], which will result in a link wikipedia:Sunflower. This is because http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ is registered to your wiki by default with the prefix of wikipedia. Unlike internal links, interwiki links do not use page existence detection, so an interwiki link will appear blue even if the page does not exist on the remote wiki.

Similar to internal page links, you can create piped links, with alternate link label, e.g. [[wikipedia:Sunflower|big yellow flower]].

Basically this is an abbreviation for longer URLs. A very similar link could be created as a normal external link by typing [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sunflower big yellow flower], but interwiki links allow you to type out an easy and compact link, almost as if you are linking to a page on your own wiki.

Interwiki direct links to a different language require a language specific suffix i.e. [[wikipedia:es:Free and open source software]], which will result in a link to Spanish translation wikipedia:es:Free and open source software.

See also